CO 194/2   [B-205]



From whom (where)

To whom (where)

Contents or nature of the document

1 24 Jan. 1700 Mr. Thurston   "A Particular of the things wanting for the Company of Foot in Newfoundland, with an estimate of the charge" Here listed are such things as: Waist Belts, cartouch boxes, shoes, platters, quilts, sheets, money for one year subsistence 307 pounds, total money: 490 pounds.
3 25 Jan. 1700 HM Council, signed by John Levey (Court at Kensington) Treasury, Admiralty, Master General of H.M. Ordnance The Board of Trade requested materials to build fortifications at St. John’s. The Council gives permission for all the material to be sent to Newfoundland. (Bricks, Lime, Chain and Boom, etc.)
5 1 Feb. 1700 Mr Burchet (Admiralty Secretary) Lords of Trade They will send everything but the Boom as it can be easily found there and they need to know how long the chain has to be.
7 12 Feb. 1700     Enclosure that seems to stand by itself, titled "Newfoundland" and stating "Letter from Mr Burchet About the things to be sent to Nfld in answer to the letter written in the 2 Feb. 1700, upon the Earl of Bellom. Letter from New England of 24 Oct. 1700 about ships of war and the Affront done him by Capt. Mitchell at Jamaica
8 8 Feb. 1700 Edward Southwell (Court at Kensington)   Concerns Ordnance report submitted by the Board of Trade. It is approved, the Earl of Romney (Master General of H.M. Ordnance) may provide the needed materials for the building of fortifications and barracks in the harbour of St. John’s.
10 7 Feb. 1700 Musgrave, Lowther, Boutler, Charlton (Board of Ordance)   Approve fortification for St. John’s; recommend an allowance of 6 pence per day for the soldiers to build it. Suggest barracks be made, if not of stone, then of wood with stone chimneys
12 10 Feb. 1700 Musgrave, Boutler, Charlton Lords of Trade and Plantations Preparing to send officers and materials for building barracks at St. John’s; perhaps Merchants could carry some of the materials.
14 23 Feb. 1700 Burchet William Popple (Secretary, Board of Trade) Before the departure of the convoy to Newfoundland;

HMS Tillbury is preparing to sail within a week to ten days. If the Board of Trade send any Heads of Enquiry to be made at Newfoundland, they should do so quickly.

16 5 March 1700 Burchet Popple He writes quickly that he received no answer to his query and that Capt. Fairborne is about to leave.
18 12 March 1700 Burchet Popple Capt. Fairborne would like to have the Act 10 & 11 William III for the encouragement of trade to be sent to him
20 14 March 1700 Burchet Popple The Act will be sent; by the same conveyance, orders will be given to him to try to convince the inhabitants to help him in the fortifications efforts.
22 21 March 1700 Burchet and Thurston Popple Thurston and Burchet request that the Board of Trade give directions to Thurston regarding the money for the subsistence of the Company of Foot in Newfoundland.
23 22 March 1700 Burchet Popple The Men of War have left from the North to Spithead. The money shall be carried to [ _ ] and then shall be carried to Newfoundland by Capt. Fairborne.
24-25       Enclosures without the accompanying letters.
26 29 Aug. 1700 Lilburne Lords of Trade He claims to have been used by the Irish. His ensign has made complaints about him about drinking. He vouches for his good behaviour and includes papers proving of it. Note: This letter is blackened on the right side. Very difficult to read.
29-30 23 Oct. 1700 Lords of Trade   "Abstract of several papers from Lieut. Lilburne" Notes relating to the accusations, point by point by his Ensign. Lilburne replies to all of the accusations.
31 30 Aug. 1700 John Haxford   A list of the troops at Fort William, with Lilburne as Commander, 3 Sergeants, Ensign Haven, 3 Corporals, 2 drums and 43 private sentinels.
33 29 Aug. 1700     A second list of the troops at Fort William.
35-35v   Humphrey Haven Board of Trade "To the Commander in Chief of H.M. troops in Newfoundland." Lilburne’s actions in St. John’s. "When the fort took fire he got his chest out of here and there stood crying and wringing his hand [on] his moneys and never offered to give any assistance towards the extinguishing the fire...etc." A copy of the complaints of Ensign Haven.
37-38   Lilburne Board of Trade Lilburne responds to each complaint. The fire, the use of candles, fits in what appears to be sarcasm towards Irish goods. Shoes, Soldiers are selling their ammunition in the harbour. A servant of a Captain that he kept in irons for a while. And much more...
39 4 Aug. 1700 Lilburne Capt. Fairborne He wishes to be released from confinement and complains about Capt. Richards taking his letters. He was given command by the King to look after provisions. If the provisions are not well taken care of, he will take the blame.
41-42 4 Aug. 1700 Lilburne (St. John’s)   He had a sword fight and appears to have lost some fingers. He was confined in his chamber with a sentinel guarding him. He was suspended and will be sent to England. (Lilburne’s suspension)
43 17 Aug. 1700 Masters: approx. 39 signatures (St. John’s) To whom it may concern They vouch for the good qualities of Lilburne who has aided and assisted the Masters of Ship and Fishermen. He managed affairs very well in this country. Note: this letter is later claimed to be false (see pp. 84-85); an easier copy to read is found at page 91.
44 11 Sept. 1700 Capt. Fairborne Board of Trade Recommends amendments to the Act, in particular regarding cutting trees for timber. New England vessels trade here all the time and they carry wine and brandy by Merchant ships from France, Portugal and Spain without duties. Note: This document bears annotations possibly made later in the margins.
45-53 8 Oct. 1700 Capt. Fairborne Board of Trade Account of the Newfoundland Fishery for 1700. This report is more detailed than most since it identifies individual ships, number of men, port by port.
54-57 8 Oct. 1700 Capt. Fairborne Board of Trade Fairborne’s "Answers to the Heads of Enquiries..." for 1700
60 8 Oct. 1700 Burchet Popple He has received the account of the fishery. Mentions a Map of the Bay of Bonavista that Fairborne sent to him and if he hasn’t sent one to you, he doesn’t know how it will get to you.
61 16 Oct. 1700 Burchet Popple Fairborne is sending a map of Bonavista Bay; that for Trinity has not yet arrived. Please return it as soon as it is copied.
63 13 Dec. 1700 Mr Thurston   "A particular of what is necessary to be sent the Company at Newfoundland with the convoy of the next year" A short list with clothing, subsistence money, and candles.
64 13 Dec. 1700 Mr. Thurston   "An estimate of the charge of clothing necessary ... for the company of foot in H.M. service at Newfoundland."
66 13 Dec. 1700 Mr. Thurston   "State of the subsistence of the company of foot in H.M. service at Newfoundland."
68 13 Dec. 1700 Mr. Thurston   "State of the Off reckonings of the company of foot in H.M. service at Newfoundland."
71 24 Jan. 1700 Mr. Secretary Vernon   "A report of Jan. 10 1700 relating to Forts on the Northern Plantations of America." Document seems to be missing, only this enclosure appears to be here.
73 23 Jan. 1700 John Levey (Kensington Court)   Majesty approves of the expenses required for the troops at Newfoundland. Provisions, food, and money.
75 27 Jan. 1700 Burchet   Assistance and Feversham will be appointed convoy to Newfoundland and ready in a month’s time. Do the Lords of Trade have any enquiries?
77 8 Feb. 1700 Boutler, Charlton, Musgrave Lords of Trade A letter from the Office of Ordnance asking the Lords of Trade to take care of the stones (Portland) to be freighted to St. John’s because it would be too expensive for them to do it.
79       "Species of Stone for the Forts and [ _ ] at St. John’s in Newfoundland." Portland stones for paving, block, etc. and how much it costs.
80 9 Feb. 1700 Burchet Popple Sending the papers regarding Captain Lilburne proceedings at Newfoundland. The same papers were sent in Oct. to Mr. Vernon.
82-82v This document gives a summary, point by point, of all the documents relating to Capt. Lilburne’s suspension. From the trial to the suspension.
84-85 7 Sept. 1700 Capt. Fairborne (Tillbury at St. John’s)   Document marked "A". Having heard all complaints from inhabitants, soldiers, and the Ensign and to which Lilburne had nothing to say, we are suspending him and placing Ensign Haven to remain in command. He committed fraud by selling shoes at a higher price and pocketing the King’s money. The letter signed by Masters of Ships seems to have been false. Lilburne had connections with two masters belonging to Topsham. The men were handed a paper to sign and they were ignorant of the contents.
86 3 Sept. 1700 Fairborne for Arthur Holdsworth, Cleasby, Trevor   Document marked "B". "A deposition of Mr. Arthur Holdsworth sworne before [Fairborne]." A description of a duel between him and Capt. Lilburne. They met at Quidi Vidi Meadows. On a pretense of a scratch, Lilburne refused to fight. Capt. Richards intervened.
88   John Colings   Document marked "C" "The humble petition of John Collings Inhabitant of Torbay in Newfoundland." Relates to how he was confined over the issue of a servant.
89-90   Humphrey Haven   Document marked "D" "The humble petition of Humphrey Haven Ensign of the Company in Fort William in St. John’s Newfoundland."
91   Fairborne signed this copy of the petition originally signed by 40 Masters of Ships   Document marked "E" A copy of the petition signed by Masters of Ships dated St. John’s 17 Aug. 1700. Capt. Branscomb swore that it is a true copy.
93 28 Aug. 1700 Waffe, Haven, Amers, Capell   Document marked "F" "Pursuant to an order from Capt. Stafford Fairborne, Commander in Chief of H.M. Chief of H.M. Ships"
95   Fairborne, Richards, Cleasby, Trevor   Document marked "G’ Capt. Michael Richards described the events at Quidi Vidi meadows. Holdsworth said that Lilburne did not want to fight. Holdsworth told Richards that Lilburne was a coward and was not fit of the King’s Commission.
97   Humphrey Haven, Huxford, Fairborne   Document marked "H" Humphrey Haven and Huxford, a gunner made an oath relating to Mr. Ford master of a ship belonging to Plymouth. He was pushed out of the harbour for want of a fishing room. Mr. Branscomb arrived and had a stage that Lilburne kept vacant for him for a price of 18 pounds.
99-99v   Soldiers at Fort William Fairborne Document marked "I" "The Humble Petition of the Soldiers in King Williams Fort" We were forced to buy shoes from Lilburne or go naked.
100-100v   Elias Waff, Humphrey Haven, Amers, Capell   Document marked "J" "A part of the work we have done since Major Handysides left us." Soldiers asking for compensation. Building pallisades and barracks made of stone, caring for his garden and animals. All that work for which we were never paid.
101   Waff, Haven, Amers, Capell   Document marked "K" " Pursuant to an order from Capt. Stafford Fairborne..." They looked into the accounts and money of Lilburne. He gives no account of the money he received for "Necessary Money" totals 104 pounds.
103   Fairborne, Cleasby, Trevor   Document marked "L". The Company will be left in the charge of Mr. Humphrey Haven.
105 19 Feb. 1700 Vernon (Whitehall) Lords of Trade The King requires the opinions of the Lords regarding Lieutenant Lilburne’s suspension.
106 7 March 1700 Vernon (Whitehall) Lords of Ttrade Regarding provisions to be sent to Newfoundland; gives approval for an addition of one Captain and forty men and also four recruits.
107 8 March 1700 Mr. Burchet (Admiralty Office) Mr. Popple Twelve months provisions, and capt. and soldiers. Let me know where and when they should embark.
108 11 March 1700 Thurston Mr. Popple He received the clothing and money for the company at St. John’s.
108 11 March 1700 Popple (Whitehall) Josiah Burchet Requests directions for carrying the clothes and the money for use of the soldiers.
109 12 March 1700 Burchet Popple Capt. John Graydon commander of the Assistance to handle the money and to put the clothing on board the Feversham , commanded by Captain Cavendish. Graydon shall be ordered to dispose of the money as Mr. Thurston sees appropriate. Also, please let him know of any enquiries.
111 13 March 1700 Mr. Thurston Lords of Trade A copy. Begs the Lords of Trade to let the Treasury know that the money has to be paid for the freight of clothes or the tradesmen won’t deliver it.
111 13 March 1700 Popple (Whitehall) William Lowndes. Asks him to place this request before the Treasury
113 17 March 1700 Solomon Merritt William Popple This relates to the shipping of stone to Nfld.
115 21 March 1700 Thurston Popple Memorial about the number of men sent to Newfoundland. Please take into consideration the bedding that will be needed for 3 extra men.
116 28 Jan. 1700 Benedict Stafford (Exon) Walter Young Stafford’s report as the Fishing Admiral for Aquafort for the year 1699 (6 fishing ships identified by home port plus two planters). Letter sent from Exeter to Walter Young Commissioner of Customs and then by Young to the Board of Trade at the end of Feb. 1700
118 2 April 1701 Burchet Popple As they are about to sail for Newfoundland, are there any instructions regarding heads of Enquiry and a survey of Bonavista.
120 5 April 1701 Thurston (Whitehall) Popple Passing to the Downs with clothes for the troops in Newfoundland without any hindrance from the customs. (List of clothing items)
121 8 April 1701 Thurston   Customs won’t let the clothes pass for free. They need to see an order from the Treasury (Mr. Lownds).List of clothing items.
122 11 April 1701 Burchet Popple Lords of the Admiralty are sending instructions regarding Capt. Graydon commander in chief of H.M. ships going to Newfoundland.
123v-124v May 1701 Holdsworth Board of Trade Report of Robert Holdsworth of the state of fishery in Newfoundland. Lists names of ships, where they come from, the name of the Captains, where they came from, cargo, where they are bound, amount of guns, dates, names of planters, number of boats, and other information. Notes say that there are more inhabitants in Newfoundland than mentioned in the report. A lot of fishing is done between Newfoundland and New England.
125 24 April 1701 Thurston Board of Trade A note sent to the Lords of Trade regarding additional bedding, kettles, platters, and "canns" required for additional men.
126 3 May 1701 Lords of the Office of Ordnance: Musgrave, Pulteney, Boulder, Charlton Lords of Trade The letter sent about extra bedding was laid before Lord Romney. They are sending 19 flockbeds furnished and 38 pairs of sheets for the 37 additional soldiers ordered. Kettles, platters and cans have never been provided by this office. In the future, talk to H.M Council before talking to us.
129 7 May 1701 Thurston   The last ship to Newfoundland sails in 5 days. Ask Mr Lownds at the Treasury for money for the additional soldiers.
130 30 May 1701 Thurston Popple Letter relating to the extra clothing for the extra soldiers. List of additional clothing for the men about to sail on the Albion Gally. Needs an order from Mr.Lownds for passing customs.
131-132v 20 Aug. 1701 George Larkin (St. John’s) Lords of Trade Letter with answers marked A-I. Enquiries relating to the state of fishery, Holdsworth activity, complaints relating to New England fishing, the fishing practices is Newfoundland are not regulated and prone to all sorts of abuse, duties of commander in chief (settling disputes), 50 French ships at Placentia this year.
134-134v 20 Aug. 1701     Abstract of the above letter point by point.
135-138 11 Aug. 1701 Court of Admiralty (George Graydon)   Held on board H.M. Assistance in St. John’s harbour.

Minutes of a meeting held for the establishment of judicial procedures to be enforced by all admirals and captains.

Provides a list of Commissioners, rules for trials of pirates, the examination, the oath, proclamations, registers, the accusation etc.

139-139v 8 Sept. 1701 Capt. M. Richards, Engineer Mr. Blathwayt We need to have soldiers help with building the fortifications because the work is too much for the small amount of men we have now. Mr Larkin who has gone to New England gave you some indications of that.
141-141v 11 Aug. 1701 Capt. John Graydon (St. John’s)   On board the Assistance, the following captains agree to transport materials as ballast for the construction of fortifications. Holdsworth, Hayman, Dyer, Cowse, Clark, Bighorn, etc...All Admirals are listed also, by names and district.
143-143v 20 Sept. 1701 Graydon (St. John’s) Lords of Trade and Plantations An account of soldiers, provisions, and costs.
145 1 Sept. 1698-1Sept. 1699 Lilburne, Humphrey Haven, Huxton   "An Account of Provisions and Subsistence for Company and Gunners in Newfoundland."
147 1 Sept. 1699 - 1 Sept. 1700 Lilburne, Haven, Huxton   "An Account of Provisions and Subsistence for company.."
149 1 Sept. 1700- 1 Sept. 1701 Huxton, Graydon, Haven   " An Account of Provisions issued to one Lt., one Ensign three servants three Corporal, 2 drummers three private sentinels and six guns."
151 1 May 1701-Aug. 1701 Graydon   "An Account of Subsistence paid to the Company of Foot in Newfoundland."
152 1 May 1701- Aug. 1701     "Account of 175 pounds received for the subsistence of the Company of Foot at Newfoundland
153       "Received for the Company at Newfoundland 262 pounds" Receipt and payroll. Capt. Graydon’s pay (158 pounds).
154 1698-1701     Total account of salaries paid to Captains of Company.
155 6 June 1701 Graydon, Huxford, Haven   Muster Rolls. A list of the soldiers and officers of the Company.
158 29 June 1701 Graydon   Muster Rolls. List of enlisted men and officers under Capt. Powell from 1 May to 1 June 1701.
160 29 Aug. 1701 Graydon   Muster Rolls. List of enlisted men and officers under Capt. Powell from 1 July to last day of Sept..
162 2 Sept. 1701 Graydon, Horton, Nicholson, [ _ ](St. John’s)   Survey of provisions remaining in King Williams Fort, (for 96 men.) Bread, Molasses, Beef, Pork, Peas, Oatmeal, Butter, Cheese.
163 24 April 1701 Thurston Huxford Enclosed are the new regulations for subsistence. We request that you send via the next ship to England an account of all proceedings relating to provisions and subsistence to Secretary Blathwayt.
167-175   Graydon   State of the Fishery, 1701; detailed list of every ship, their home ports, their cargoes, their destination, number of men, etc.
176-181 15 Sept. 1701 Graydon Trade Answers to Heads of Enquiry. [enclosed with above] Graydon concludes by observing that many of the answers are unreliable in part because without a smaller vessel, the naval commodore cannot collect the information first hand. (p. 178v)
184       "Abstract of Capt Graydon’s Account of the Fishery of Newfoundland for the year 1701"
185 20 Sept. 1701 John Powell (St. John’s) Trade Muster Rolls are sent. The hardships soldiers are encountering in building the South battery. Need their last year’s pay.
187-188 20 Sept. 1701     [enclosed with above] Muster Rolls from 1 May to last day of Aug. 1701.
189-190   Mr. Jackson (Minister of St. John’s)   Extract of a letter sent to the Lords of Trade. Mr Jackson’s complaints of mistreatment in St. John’s. He accuses Powell and Francis to have raised a party against him. Complains of the debauchery and profanity of the commanders. His life has been threatened.
192 5 Oct. 1701 Capt. Powell Lords A letter about the state of the Company of Foot in Newfoundland regarding desertion. Note: An abstract prepared by the Board follows below.
193 5 Oct. 1701 Capt. Powell Lords Abstract: "In his last he sent the muster role of his company. Some instances of the agents hard usage of the soldiers. Several of them have deserted. He has sent after them and seized the French who are supposed instrumental to their desertion. He desires the Board’s advice in these matters. Six pence day not a competent maintenance without speedy care there will be an entire desertion. Seven prisoners in his custody. Arrears due to the old company. He recommends their condition to this board. Names of the deserters."
195 12 Oct. 1701 Capt. Powell (Fort William, St. John’s) Lords Report of military activity during French/English fighting. Soldiers deserted to the French. He is trying to get the deserters back from the French. The inhabitants come to him with accounts of French robbery of English boats. He has orders from the King’s own hand telling him not to get involved with these troubles. Asks for more money.
196 7 Nov. 1701 Thurston Popple, Lords Asks to be discharged from his employment of being agent for the forces at Newfoundland. He was in charge of delivering provisions and money to the troops. Received poor treatment. Paid money out of his own pocket.
198 22 Sept. 1701 Huxton (Fort William) Popple, Lords [enclosed with above] This appears to be an account of the reasons why he wants to quit. He mentions that he has issued the money to Graydon and the remaining money to Lloyd. He has troublesome people to deal with. Lilburne is mentioned. Note: hard to read.
199 11 Nov. 1701 (received) Humphrey Haven Lords of Trade Petition. Ensign Haven took care of the soldiers in the company out of his own pocket from Sept. 1700 to April 1701. He was told by the Agent that subsistence money was sent to Capt. Graydon intended for the company, but Graydon says it was not. Haven also demanded funds to the Agent for fire and candles and the agent said he received no money for that purpose. Note: see p. 211 for a reply by Thurston on these accusations.
201 7 Aug. 1700 Stafford Fairborne (St. John’s) Humphrey Haven [enclosed with above] Copy. Haven’s appointment as Commander of the troops until further notice.
202 29 Dec. 1701 Lord Bishop of London Lords of Trade Conveys extracts of a letter from the minister (Jackson) at Newfoundland which cautions that the fort in St. John’s will not be secure if war breaks out with France because someone [not identified] might sell the place out to the French. Bishop’s letter also includes concerns about measures passed in Pennsylvania and New York; these do not appear to concern Newfoundland
203 9 Nov. 1701 (St. John’s) Powell Lords of Trade Cover letter introducing the petition of soldiers of the Company at Newfoundland against stoppages in their pay used to support the parson (Jackson)
204-204v Nov. 1701 Soldiers, Drummers Lords [enclosed with above] Petition against stoppages and against support of parson. Soldiers claim parson is well paid and they can’t afford these stoppages. It will be impossible to subsist this winter without your help. They claim this is one reason why some of the men deserted. They assure the Lords of their loyalty and will continue to serve "as long as life". Most names are signed as "marks". Note: The date when this letter was received at the Board is blank but it was read in March 1702.
206 29 Jan. 1702 Solomon Merritt Lords Offers suggestions as to how to conduct trade in the case of war between England, Spain and France. Encourage trade with Spain. Hinder French fishing at Newfoundland. Concerns wool and fish trade. Note: A lot of information.
208 31 Jan. 1702 Musgrave, Charlton, Lowther, Putney, Boulter (Office of Ordnance) Lords Relates to the chain for a boom for the security of the harbour at St. John’s. They need masts for floating and the Navy Board may have directions to fix it.
210 3 Feb. 1702 Thurston W. Popple Thurston’s defence. He was accused by the soldiers at Newfoundland of withholding their subsistence money. He defends himself and says that the money was misapplied. Sends accounts.
211-215v 3 Feb. 1702 Thurston   [enclosed with above] He submits evidence that plenty of money was issued for subsistence well beyond May next. Provides accounts of money issued for clothing, etc. at p.213, 215 and 215v
218 11 Feb. 1702 Burchet (Admiralty)   Relates to the fixing and floating of the boom at St. John’s. His Lords discussed it with the Navy Board. It had been agreed at the time that the Office of Ordnance would be responsible for the fixing and buoying it with Masts. The Navy Board will not be responsible for that
220 19 Feb. 1702 Musgrave, Putney, Boulter, Charlton (Office of Ordnance) Lords of Trade Concerns a letter from Capt. Richards requesting assistance from Men of War to complete the works at St. John’s
222 13 Oct. 1701 Capt. Richards Lords [enclosed with above] Richards describes the difficulties encountered in constructing the defences at St. John’s. Poor soil, timber is brought by water, working stone is brought from other harbours, they work afloat. Sailors would be willing to do all this work if their shoes and stockings could be repaired.
224 16 March 1702 (received) Thurston Lords "An Account of Money wanting for the Company (troops) at Newfoundland" Here listed are the salaries and subsistence money for a Captain, First lieutenant, a Second Lieutenant, Sergeants, Corporals, Drummers and Private Soldiers.
226   Thurston Lords " An Account of the Clothing to be sent the Company at Newfoundland, this year 1702"
228 13 March 1702 Stephens   " An account of Provisions sent to Newfoundland for 102 soldiers for 364 days at short allowance for the year 1701" Listed here are the items and the weight. Biscuits, malt, beef, pork, peas, oatmeal, butter, Cheshire Cheese, Flour, suet, hops. A mistake was made last year of supposing the additional men to be 40 when they were 37.
230 17 March 1702 (received) Thurston Lords Memorial requesting to be reimbursed for the money he spent bringing back soldiers to England and for services he was never paid for.
231 1 April 1702 Thurston Popple Remind the Lords of an error in providing extra provisions for 3 men. Embezzlement.

The following documents appear to have been filed together.(233-248) It concerns a representation of the State of affairs at Newfoundland relating to the fishery and the fortifications at St. John’s. The documents are orders given by the Queen’s Council to the various heads of government relating to each issue.

233       A document titled "Heads of the Representation at Newfoundland" Identifies the orders and who has given them. Who is responsible for what section of work to be done. Money and clothes is the responsibility of the Treasury, for example.
234-235v 26 March 1702 Levey (At the Court at Whitehall) Queen Document requesting that directions and instructions be given relating the Heads of Enquiry, a commission for commanding the soldiers, be prepared for the commodore (Graydon) preparing to leave for Newfoundland. Inhabitants are not respecting regulations relating to the cutting of wood, in Carbonear, and as far as Ferryland. Complaints about Trade with New England. They also entice crafstmen, seamen and fishermen to leave. Instructions needed regarding: the state of fortifications, the floating and fixing of the Boom and chain for the protection of the harbour in St. John’s, subsistence of the troops, complaints against the Agent (Thurston).
236   Levey   [enclosed with above] "An account of moneys wanting for the company at Newfoundland." Copy.
237   Levey   [enclosed with above] "An account of small clothing to be sent the company at Newfoundland this year 1702" Copy.
238   Levey   [enclosed with above] "An account of Provisions to be sent this year 1702 for the company of Newfoundland." Copy.
240 26 March 1702 Levey, Queen Board [enclosed with above] The Queen requests that all material needed for fortifications be sent. The Master General of the Ordnance will be responsible to send all materials and workmen needed for the boom and Chain and the fortifications.
242 26 March 1702 Levey, Queen Board [enclosed with above] Orders the provisions and necessaries sent to the Company of foot at Newfoundland according to the copy annexed. A copy shall be sent with the commander of the convoy and the Lord High Admiral of England shall give necessary directions regarding this matter.
244 26 March 1702 Levey, Queen Board [enclosed with above] Orders that the orders given previously to seamen to assist with fortifications at St. John’s now be renewed, the Lord High Admiral of England is to give directions.
246 26 March 1702 Levey, Queen Board [enclosed with above] Orders the Lords of the Treasury to give the sums needed for clothes and food according to the annexed accounts.
248 26 March 1702 Levey, Queen Board [enclosed with above] Thurston shall receive 100 pounds and a yearly salary of 40 pounds for his Agency in Newfoundland. The Treasury shall receive instructions.
250 18 or 1 April 1702 Burchet (Admiralty) Popple Four ships are preparing to sail. The Lord Admiral requests that any alterations or additions to the Heads of Enquiry be sent to him.
252       [enclosed with above] The ships bound to Newfoundland: Assistance, Reserve, Looe, Charles Gally. Thomas Swanson shall be Commander in Chief.
254-254v 22 April 1702 Thurston Popple Please inform the Lords that the provisions are ready to be put on board. The materials for fortifications are on board and ready to sail. Except for the boom which Mr. Putney (Ordnance) says is the responsibility of the Navy and The Lord High Admiral shall receive a letter soon. The treasury has not yet issued the money for clothes and food. It was referred to the Earl of Renclagh.
255 24 April 255 Thurston Popple The Lords of the Ordnance Office say that they will not furnish the Boom and don’t ask again. They say the booms at Plymouth Hall were provided by the Admiralty Office.
257 May 1702 Burchet (Secretary at the Admiralty Office) Popple The Lord High Admiral will give orders to his carpenter to cut and fix the boom at St. John’s. The Commander in Chief shall be given orders to command on shore by the Secretary of State.
258 May 8 1702 (rec'd & read) Earl of Nottingham Popple, Burchet Enclosure with letter missing. A letter dated 7 May 1702 declaring war with France and Spain which was later sent to Burchet.
259 12 May 1702 Thurston, William Popple William Lowndes Two short notes. Thurston asks Popple to send a line to the Treasury asking for money. Popple sends Lowndes a line asking for him to ask the Lords for directions.
260 20 May 1702 Thurston Popple Money is ordered for the pay of the company at Newfoundland for their clothes and food but not for candles and fire or medicines. Who shall the money be given? Mr Huxford will not handle it. Last year, Capt. Graydon placed the money with Lieut. Lloyd, the youngest Lieut. in the company.
262 27 May 1702 Solomon Merritt, Charles Houblon, William Brooke, John Corben, Sheppard Lords of Trade Petition asking the Board for help in erecting more fortifications in other harbours to protect against French raids.
264 28 May 1702 Solomon Merritt Lords Cannons and ammunition needed to defend Trinity Harbour with a fort to be made there. Weapons and arms needed for defence against the French.
266 9 Oct. 1701 Powell (St. John’s ) Monsieur Monic, Governor (Plaisance/Placentia) Letter asking the French commander to detain deserters (8 English soldiers) if they fly to him for protection. William Hutton is the ring leader. (He has been "wiped out" of seventeen regiments for cowardice/poltron.) He will exchange the deserters for French servants and soldiers that deserted to him.
267 5 Nov. 1701 Monic Powell He received the letter the same day that the deserters came to him. He states that he cannot take it upon himself to act so quickly but if Powell should give his word to always deliver deserters, in times of peace, he shall do the same. He has indeed seen ‘Guillaume’ Hutton. He does appear to be as Powell describes him. The French soldiers held by Powell owe a lot of money and that is usually the case with sentinels. He hears that bread is rare at the English quarters, he offers 80 to 100 barrels of flour and a few quintals of biscuits. Note: In French.
268 21 Sept. Solomon Merritt (Cratchett Fryer) Popple The first portion of his letter is an extract of a letter he received dated 19 Sept. 1702 from Poole describing French attacks. They came over land from Placentia to Silly Cove and killed 4. A French man of war of 40 guns was seen off St. John’s and took 7 sails of ships. (Author unknown) The second portion is by Merritt. He wants the Lords to know the damage sustained at Newfoundland for want of an early convoy and fortification at Trinity Bay.
270-270v 13 Nov. 1702 (received) Captain Leake Mr. Burchet Answers to the Heads of Enquiry. An account of the state of Fort William. The soldiers are dissatisfied not from any ill treatment from their officers. They feel overworked, no proper clothes are sent, no hope of returning home, and only being paid 6 pence a day. 7 men deserted, not known if at Placentia. He has brought home David Cullin accused by Powell and Francis. He could not fix the chain because there was no boom to float it. He proposes to build a deck on a pontoon and float it with a mast and yards from a French prize.
272-276v 13 Nov. (received) Captain Leake Mr. Burchet Details of the Heads of Enquiry. Trade and Fishery. Issues relating to the cutting of trees, the amount of time it takes to gather information because of the number of harbours and coves; boats left over the winter get burnt by the idle inhabitants, Admirals have often been biased in their determinations. Complaints about price fixing for fish, War, etc. Note: A lot of information
279 13 Nov. 1702 (received) Leake   State of the Fishery for 1702; all the harbour’s names are listed with the number of fishing ships, number of men, quintals of fish made, women and children, number of stages, etc.
280       "Abstract of Commodore Leake’s Account of the Fishery of Newfoundland for the year 1702" Total amount of ships, men, fish, and inhabitants.
281   Leake   Enquiries regarding Mr. Thurston. The affairs are so intricate that he could not bring any light to the matter. The men are satisfied with the provisions sent last year and this year.
282-284 30 April 1702 Leake   "An Account of Provisions Issued to Capt. John Powell’s Company of Foot in Newfoundland from 1 Sept. 1701 to 30 April 1702, both days included" and "An Account of Provisions issued to Capt. John Powell’s Company of Foot in Newfoundland from 1 May 1702 to the 28 Feb. 1702, and from the 29 Aug. 1702 to the 30 Sept. 1702." the provisions were later issued by the directions of Capt. Michael Richards. Here listed are the per diem issues of Capt. Powell and Richards, and the Lieutenants, Sergeants, Corporals, Drummers, Private sentinels, and the [ - ]. Food is listed at p.284.
285 15 Sept. 1702 Havey, Guppy, Henson for Leake   "Persuant to an order from Capt. John Leake Commander in Chiefe of H.M. shipps and forces in Newfoundland to us directed." Survey of all the provisions at For William.
288 13 Nov. 1702 (received) Leake   Muster Roll from 1 Sept. 1701 to 1 Sept. 1702.
289 25 Nov. 1702 (St. John’s) William Smirke   The French have taken and plundered Trinity Bay. 2 families escaped, the rest were taken prisoners, some killed and wounded. 30 French and two Indians. They wanted to go to Bonavista. 100 Canadians are expected to join them. This letter was communicated to the Board by Mr. Brathwayt.


30 Nov. 1702 (rec'd) Captain Richards Board of Trade Concerns the poor condition of the soldiers clothing. Two sergeants were disabled by last winter. They work so hard for the security of this place and the last clothing issued to them was in 1689. Richards will provide "watchcoats". The soldiers expect to be relieved. More soldiers and officers should be sent over. Last winter lost the use of his limbs. He wants to return to England. Mr Thurston did not take account of Capt.Powell’s last year’s contingency. The Agent’s charges should be so moderated that there’d be no complaints from the men.

Memorandum, an extra note about brewing and malt.

292 30 Nov.  (rec'd) Captain Richards   [enclosed with above] " Account of the 50 pounds received for the contingent use of the Foot Company at Newfoundland."
293 30 Nov. 1702 (received) Montague, [-], Littleton   [enclosed with above] " Regulation of subsistence for the Company of Foot to remain at Newfoundland to commence from the 1 Sept. next ensuing. Given at our Court at Kensington this 16 day of June 1698 in the tenth year of our reign." Provision, salaries, subsistence money.
294-295v   Richards   [enclosed with above] "State of the subsistence of the Company of foot at Newfoundland. Commander Norris, Capt. Fowles, Capt. Graydon." Accounts bear dates in 1701, 1702. Thurston and Sergeant Chambers are mentioned. Note: These accounts are very complex and require careful examination.
296-296v 23 Nov. 1702 Richards (Fort Williams, St. John’s)   Apologizes for the hurried nature of his accounts but the convoy stayed only a short time. He found one of the deserters on board the Montague bound for England. He explains the causes. Martial discipline is required. The first Lieutenant has resigned to the second, Mr. Lloyd. He requests to be relieved. More ammunition, swords, should be sent.
297v       Enclosure stating : "to the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations 16 att Whitehall London Old England via Lucitania"
298       Enclosure stating: "Newfoundland: Order of a committee of the House of Lords; dated 24 Nov. 1702, relating to Properties, Dying waves, and Newfoundland. Received & read 25 Nov. 1702.
298v       Enclosure stating: " Newfoundland: Reference from Mr Secretary Hedges of 1st Dec. 1702 upon the petition of the inhabitants of Carbonear relating to the state of that harbour. rec'd & read 17 Feb. 1702.
300   Petition of the inhabitants in Conception Bay and those of Carbonear Her Majesty the Queen Ann Petition regarding protection from the enemy. Require guns and ammunition.
301 15 Dec. 1702 (rec'd & read) Powell   Capt. Powell’s reimbursement of 224 pounds. There he lists all of his expenses such as paying for the food of the men under his command and various other things.
303 17 Dec. 1702 Thurston   Cover letter regarding the state of clothing and subsistence of the Company of Foot at Newfoundland.
305-312v 17 Dec. 1702 Thurston Lords [enclosed with above] "State of the Company of Foot at Newfoundland with respect of their clothing." The company was formed 1 Sept. 1698 by Col. Handasyde. Thurston appointed 1699 to look into the affairs of the company. A list is provided. In 1700, 51 waistbelts, 51 cartouch boxes, 51 pairs of shoes were sent. In 1702, a list of all the clothing that was sent is provided here. In 1702, more clothing was sent, although the Company claims never to have received it; pp. 307-309 shows signed depositions before witnesses in relation to the small necessaries sent to Newfoundland in 1702. pp. 309v-312 relates to Thurston’s defense against misconduct with the money destined for subsistence. Describes who got the money and when.
313-317 17 Dec. 1702 Thurston Lords More of Thurston’s defence in relation to Capt. Powell’s demands. Issues relating to contingency money, arrears, provisions, fire and candle money, salaries for the Company of foot soldiers, etc.
319v 11 Jan. 1703 C. Hedges (Whitehall)   Pieces of manuscript are ripped; this refers the petition (next document) to the Lords of Trade to consider what may be done for the preservation and defense of the places therein mentioned, and to report their opinion therein to the Queen, whereupon she will declare her further pleasure. The other piece: "Petition of Merchants of Poole trading in Newfoundland."
320-320v   William Bremble (Mayor) plus approx. 60 persons trading from Poole to Newfoundland Queen Petition by people active in the "northern parts of Newfoundland." Grateful for protection provided by warships and land forces last summer. The southern parts are thus protected against French incursions. This petition concerns the "Northern Parts" (Trinity and Conception Bays and as far north as the northern parts of Bonavista Bay). These parts are in great danger from the French. The French are present in Trinity Bay and plunder, burn and destroy our plantations. They ask for the building of two forts, one at the entrance of Trinity Harbour and the other at Carbonear in the entrance of Conception Bay. The signatures are quite legible.
321 2 Feb. 1702 William Lowndes (Treasury Chambers) Mr. Popple Regarding the petition of 211 pounds by Powell, please ask the Lords to relate to us what shall be done with this matter.
323   Major Powell Lord High Treasurer [enclosed with above] Petition. He has fed the men of the Company of foot for approx. one year and asks to be reimbursed.
324   Powell   [enclosed with above] An itemized list of all the costs incurred by him.
325-325v 11 Feb. 1703 Simon Cole, William Brooke, Solomon Merritt, Hayne and Campbell (London) Lords of Trade Petition. They offer the same opinion as the petition sent to the Queen’s Council. Two warships should sail from England ASAP. Their early arrival may prevent the destroying of our harbours there, except St. John’s. The French at Placentia insult the harbours in Trinity Bay. It must be fortified.
327-327v Feb. 1703 Burchet (Admiralty Office) Mr. Popple Relates to convoys sent from England and Portugal to Newfoundland. The outward bound ships have been sailing early without the protection of the convoy. The Queen demands that you prepare a list of all ships and whether they might wait for the convoy. If H.M. ships are not required for the convoy, they will be used for more pressing matters. Captain Graydon who commands the West India squadron has full instructions to protect the fishing activity.
329 24 Feb. 1702 Cole, Brooke, Merritt, Campbell, William Taverner Lords of Trade The merchants always go with the convoy. If some go early, it is because they want to save their voyage. The merchants complain that the convoy sails in June or July which has ruined their fishing voyage. But if a convoy will sail from the Downs in late March, they assure that no fishing ship will sail without convoy The sack ships shall sail end of May. The ships with salt from Lisbon will sail when they know a convoy is appointed. Letter closes with a request for protection at Trinity and Carbonear.
331       [enclosed with above] A list of ships preparing to sail for Newfoundland in the Spring. Ships from Poole, Topsham, and London. Societies are listed and the numbers of ships belonging to each.
332 25 Feb. 1703 Merritt Lords of Trade Expresses his concerns and threatens to go public with the issue of permanent protection ( fortifications.) They are forced to leave their salt and other things in Newfoundland and without protection, it will be the ruin of them all.
333-333v 26 Feb. 1703 Burchet Popple He is commanded by the Queen to acquaint you that a fourth and fifth Rate will be appointed to convoy the Trade bound to Newfoundland in April; 2 ships of like rates will be furnished in June. No outward bound ship shall leave until they have furnished men for the fleet. No convoy for ships bound from Portugal.
335       This note relates to convoys provided for salt ships in 1696 to Portugal and from Portugal to Newfoundland.
336-336v 3 March 1703 Merritt Popple He was asked by the Board to provide a list of the charges that may be needed for fortification at Trinity. He is providing all information. The fortifications will provide protection for Trinity Bay, English Harbour, Salmon Cove, Hearts Ease, Hearts Content, New Perlican, Lilly Cove, Hans Harbour, Old Perlican. He claims it will protect a third of the Trade. Note: A lot more information.
338 2 March 1703 Burchet Popple Her Highness has signed orders to the Commander in Chief of the convoy gone to Portugal, to appoint one of his ships to escort ships and vessels well out to sea that are bound with salt from Lisbon for Newfoundland
341 3 March 1703 (rec'd & read) John Roope Popple, Lords of Trade Memorial relating to the salt ships bound to Newfoundland from Lisbon and the convoys that will protect them. The complaint is that they are expected to provide half their men into the Queen’s service. Given the time of year, this will hurt the fishing because young and available men are already tied up in H.M.’s service.

Letters from the Mayors of several outports in answer to the letter of 25 Feb. 1703 about convoys for Newfoundland. 343-

343 3 Feb. 1703 Mayor of Bristol Board of Trade No ships are preparing to sail to Portugal or Newfoundland from this city.
344 5 March 1703 (received) Mayor of Bideford, John Buck Board of Trade An account of the ships, burthen, number of guns and men now designed for Newfoundland and awaiting convoy, if the convoy comes to fetch them. Such great numbers of men are employed in the Queen’s service.
346 2 March 1703 Webber (Mayor of Barnstaple) Board Account of ships designed for Newfoundland from this port and to Portugal and then to Newfoundland with salt. The want of men together with reports that Newfoundland is overrun by the French, discourages the merchants. Provides list of ships with tonnage, guns, men. The ones for Portugal as well.
347 4 March 1703 James Donbow (Mayor of Fowey) Board Only the John (60 tons), Henry Bond, master, with seven men, no guns, bound for Lisbon, will stay for convoy.
349 5 March 1703 William Cock (Mayor of Plymouth) Board The Danielle and Elizabeth will sail to Newfoundland and will go with the convoy.
351 5 March 1703 Ferry (Dartmouth) Board Provides list of ships bound to Newfoundland. Several wanted to wait for the convoy but heard it would start too late and left. Includes ships bound for Portugal and for Newfoundland.
353 3 March 1703 John Gandy, (Mayor of Exon) Board Encloses a list of ships bound for Newfoundland and salt ships bound for Portugal. The season is so advanced that Salt ships will lose their fishing voyage if the convoy doesn’t leave soon.
355 3 March 1703 John Gandy (Mayor) Board [enclosed with above] Listed are ships bound for Portugal, for Newfoundland and ships that are in Portugal and will sail for Newfoundland.
357 3 March 1703 Tucking (Weymouth)   Has not heard of any ships bound for Newfoundland or Portugal.
358 3 March 1703 Bremble (Poole) Board Provides a list of merchants bound for Newfoundland and others bound for Lisbon. "Robert Tavernar" is listed here.

Note: 359-366v are documents detailing the provisions and clothing to be sent to the Company of Foot at Newfoundland. Thurston provides many details and Popple has made corrections where it was needed.

359 17 March 1703 Thurston   Concerns the money for small necessaries sent to the Company of Foot . Contingency money. Requests "Clearing of the Company."
360-360v 17 March 1703 Thurston/Popple   Document [enclosed with above] bearing marks "in red" made by the board (Popple) on 19 March 1703. Subsistence, medicine, contingency, clothing, solicitor’s allowance, are listed. Popple wrote a note on p. 360v relating to the number of men in Newfoundland.
361 17 March 1703 Thurston   [enclosed with above] A very extensive and detailed list of clothing provided for privates, drummers, corporals, sergeants.
362-366v 25 March 1703 Thurston   [enclosed with above] A list of all the persons at Newfoundland whom provisions are to be sent.
367 20 March 1703 William Blathwayt (Court at St James) Board Approval of the supplies to be sent to Newfoundland. The said representation should be placed in the hands of the Ear of Nottingham who will in turn inform the Lord Admiral, Lord High Treasurer, and all the officers concerned.
369 6 April 17033 Nottingham Board of Trade Sends information from the Queen and the Lord High Admiral regarding the Boom and the seamen‘s assistance on the Works ashore.
370   Queen Nottingham/the Board [enclosed with above] Extract of a letter from the Queen. There it is stated that the men of war should cruise off the coast in order to protect the fishery. The mast to be made for a boom should be cut by the Officers at St. John’s in the Winter and to send them on the snow.
371 9 April 1703 Thurston Popple He tells Popple that all he has heard about the Boom is: the Ordnance Office does not provide this service and the Navy will not give it passage. Thurston says that the Treasury has received the information relating to the Clothing, Provisions and Subsistence.
374   John Roope Board Memorial relating to the fixing of the boom in St. John’s harbour. The particulars of fixing the boom, costs and problems are provided in a document that appears to have been annotated and where whole sections are crossed out.
375   John Roope   A note where Roope makes a few corrections to his memorial in relation to Black head bay. Cape St. Francis.
376 15 April 1703 Thurston Board Thurston informs Popple of the Lord Treasurer’s decisions on a few points relating to the Company of Foot in St. John’s. The Officers will be "cleared" for one year. The Non-commissioned Officers will not. The Lord Treasurer will not pay for Fire and candles or for medicines. Also, malt will not be provided.
378 22 April 1703 Mr. Ware Popple He is transmitting a letter relating to the Boom in St. John’s harbour.
379 20 April 1703 Nottingham   [enclosed with above] instructions from the queen for the building of the boom and the money to be sent for the other services mentioned in the enclosed papers.
379v-380   Queen   [enclosed with above] The trees shall be cut at Blackhead Bay. Dimensions of the boom and instructions for construction. 25 men shall be employed.
381 20 April 1703 Nottingham Treasurer Transmitting the Lords of the Treasury demands from the Board of trade relating an estimate of the sums needed for the convoy at Newfoundland.
381v   Nottingham Treasurer [enclosed] Cost list for the building of the Boom.
383 20 April 1703 Nottingham Lord High Admiral He is sending an extract from the Board of Trade to the Lord High Admiral relating to the seamen assisting in the Works and anchors necessary to be sent in the next convoy for the boom.
383v   Nottingham Lord High Admiral [enclosed] "to be sent from hence" 2 small anchors, stocks, a small chains, Iron for the ring bolts: 23 pounds.
385   John Roope Lords of Trade Memorial with additional charges for the building of the boom and expenses relating to it of 75 pounds.
387 5 May 1703 Burchet (Admiralty Office) Popple Centurion, Capt. Herne, is the next ship to sail for Newfoundland
389 11 May 1703 Burchet (Admiralty Office) Popple A letter from the Navy Board in regards to the chain at Plymouth that he is transmitting to the Board of Trade. Note: A copy of this very dark document is found a bit ahead.
391 7 May 1703 Plymouth Navy Board [enclosed with above] Extract of a letter asking about chains, how much they are to weigh and what length.
393 13 May 1703 Musgrave, Lowther (Office of Ordnance) Lords of Trade [enclosed] Mr Lowndes has provided what was necessary for the fixing of the boom in St. John’s harbour. They request a meeting.
395 18 may 1703 Burchet Popple The Centurion is ordered to depart for Plymouth to the Downes and from there to Newfoundland.
397 19 May 1703 Burchet Popple The Admiralty wants to know if the Board of Trade have assigned someone to take care of the money to be sent to Newfoundland and to whom shall it be delivered.
399-400 25 May 1703 Thurston   Quantity of malt required for the men at Newfoundland. Please give instructions to whom this money might be consigned. The Treasury has allowed for 50 pounds contingency money. The cost of medicines will be deducted off the pay of soldiers at half a farthing per day. Encloses a list of clothing.
401 29 May 1703 Burchet Popple The Captain of the Centurion will be assigned the money.
402 3 June 1703 Burchet Popple Money for drink for the soldiers at Newfoundland. The captain of the Centurion will take it and the money for subsistence and carry everything to Newfoundland.
404 7 June 1703 Thurston Popple Give Mr Moody passage on the Centurion.
405 9 June 1703 Moody   Requests permission to have passage on the Centurion.
407 14 June 1703 Burchet Popple The Centurion has returned to the Downes. Capt. Jermy is commander of the Nightingale and is commanded to receive the beer money and to carry it to the Centurion.
409 2 July 1703 Thurston Popple The money to be sent to Newfoundland vis the Centurion. He is tracking the money to make sure he is not blamed for losing it.

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