GN 2/1/A [Microfilm Box No. 4] Vol. 12 (1789-1797)

[NB: pagination for this volume proceeds from page 1 to page 404, and it begins again with page 1 in 1797, when William Waldegrave becomes governor; presumably Gov. Waldegrave’s secretary thought that a fresh start with new pagination was expected, although there was no precedent for this.]

Biographical essays on Governors Mark Milbanke and William Waldegrave are available in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography,
Vols. V & VI; similar biographies of Governors Richard King and James Wallace do not appear in the DCB. Biographical profiles are also provided in the DCB of various other individuals who appear in this volume: Charles Garland, Rev. John Clinch, Andrew Pinson, Benjamin Lester, Thomas Street, John Jones, Rev. John Harries, Richard Routh, John Waldron, Aaron Graham,
Thomas Skinner, and Father James Louis O'Donel (or O'Donnell)

Page

Date

From whom (where)

To whom
(where)

Contents or nature of the document

1

23 April 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Nicholas Lechmere

In consequence of Lechmere's letter to Aaron Graham, appointing him to succeed Lechmere as Treasurer of Newfoundland, Milbanke instructs Lechmere to pay the balance of his account and deliver the books of his office into the hands of Mr. Graham.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 1)

1

18 June 1789

Gov. Milbanke

John Lees (Barrack Master)

Milbanke has no objection to Lees’ request for an extension of his leave for another six months to settle his accounts, as long as it meets with “the approbation" of the Board of OIrdnance, and a suitable replacement is appointed during his absence.(See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 2)

2

12 Sept. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Rev. John Harries

Milbanke appoints Harries [this is the correct spelling; the name is consistently mis-spelled "Harris" throughout much of this letterbook] as Garrison Chaplain at Placentia, "till further orders”.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 3)

2-3

12 Sept. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Capt. Nepean, Chief Engineer

Milbanke instructs Nepean to make the lieutenant’s quarters at Placentia habitable, as he plans to allow Mr. Harries to stay there.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 4)

3

12 Sept. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

John Lees (Barrack Master)

Lees, is to provide Mr. Harries with "one Room’s allowance of Fuel and Candle”.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 5)

3

12 Sept. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Lieut. Gov. Elford

Milbanke instructs Elford to issue Mr. Harries “one Ration of Provisions for himself and another for his Servant”.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 6)

4-5

12 Sept. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Rev. Harries (Placentia)

Milbanke informs Harris that he has approved Harries' use of the lieutenant’s quarters at the garrison, and has instructed that it be put to habitable repair. He has also instructed that Harries be given the proper rations. Milbanke outlines Harries’ responsibilities as garrison chaplain, and requests that he “report in writing to the Captain of the Ship of War at Placentia of the exact situation of the Romish Church at that place…”  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4,pp. 7-8)

5-6

12 Sept. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Magistrates of Bonavista

Milbanke encloses four subpoenas for the attendance of William Malone, Michael & John Hearty, and John Cole of Bonavista, at the Court of Oyer and Terminer to be held in St. John’s. These are to be served by the proper officer of the district. The expenses of Disney’s trial will not fall on the magistrates.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 9-10)

6-7

12 Sept. 1789

A. Graham for Gov. Milbanke

 

Milbanke appoints Dewes Coke, Richard Routh, William Gaden, George Williams, Johnathan Odgen, John Rogers & George Hutchins as Commissioners of the Court of Oyer & Terminer with full power & authority to hear and determine all criminal cases except treason. They are to make a report of all criminal cases that are brought before them.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 11-12)

8

12 Sept. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

 

Notice is given that the general assizes for the trial of felons by Commission of Oyer and Terminer will be held at the courthouse in St. John’s on Friday, 25 September.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 13)

8

13 Sept. 1789

 

 

Order: Having learned from the "Convict Guard" that one of the convicts was allowed to go into town; he “disproves very much of the circumstance” and orders that henceforth, none of the convicts is to be allowed "upon any pretence" to “go out of the charge of the Centinels appointed to take care of them”.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 14)

9

14 Sept. 1789

Aaron Graham for the governor

Magistrates of St. John’s

They are to give Graham the names of any merchants (if any) who "occupy Shops or Storess in ... St. John's for the purpose of retailing goods, and yet refuse to keep at least one fishing Shallop, employed in the Fishery." They are also to report to the governor any dwelling houses (if any) that were built since the departure of Gov. John Elliot, and what steps (if any) were taken to prevent the building of such houses.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 15)

9-10

16 Sept. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

William Carter, Judge of the Vice Admiralty Court

Richard Robinson, "Mariner", was sent to prison for deserting the ship Duke of Leinster. He is to be delivered into the charge of the High Sheriff of Newfoundland, or his Deputy, so that he may be sent to England with the Irish Convicts who landed at Newfoundland from the said ship.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 16)

10

16 Sept. 1789

 

 

Dewes Coke, George Williams, Archibald Buchanan, Richard Routh and Jonathan Ogden have been appointed Justices of the Peace for the District of St. John’s.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 17)

10-12

16 Sept. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Magistrates

A committee of the merchants, traders, & inhabitants of St. John’s have decided that St. John’s should pay one half, and the rest of the island the other half of the sum of money required to send the Irish convicts out of the country. A plan for raising the money is included.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp.18-191)

12-13

17 Sept. 1789

By Command of the Governor

 

Advertisement: seeking Masters or Owners of ships to take between 60 and 80 men & women to England. The document indicates the rations that they are to supply to each passenger.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 20)

13

17 Sept. 1789

 

 

Notice is given: Jacob Waller, Herbert Sawyer, John Trigge, Aaron Graham, Dewes Coke, Archibald Buchanan and Jonathan Ogden are appointed Judges of the Court of Common pleas in the Island of Newfoundland.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 21) [Waller, Sawyer & Trigge are naval captains in the Nfld squadron; the rest are also JPs.]

14-15

17 Sept. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Captain Waller, Rose

In addition to the Irish convicts, Milbanke feels that there are too many idle persons in St. John’s, allegedly brought for the fishery but not employed; steps must be taken to send them back or at least remove them from Nfld. One case in particular is cited: John Regan and Peter Monegan were brought to Newfoundland by Mr. Gibbs of Fermeuse yet he did not return them home. Waller is to see that Gibbs provides them passage to either England or Ireland. All fishermen brought to Nfld are to be returned to the district from which they came immediately after the season. Ship’s owners failing to do this may be prosecuted. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4,pp. 22-23)

15-16

17 Sept. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Capt. Nepean, Chief Engineer

Captain Nepean informed him today that the land around the fort which was supposed to be reserved as barrack ground, by order of Gov. Duff, 14 Oct 1775, is in fact being encroached upon. Milbanke orders Nepean to survey the lands to determine the precise nature of such encroachments. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 24)

16

19 Sept. 1789

 

 

Notice: Milbanke appoints Henry Phillips to be the High Sheriff of the Island of Newfoundland. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 25) [NB: Henry Phillips name in these records is frequently spelled 'Phillips']

17

20 Sept. 1789

Vice Adm Milbanke

 

Memo: Capt Domett is to send Salisbury's boats the next morning to the Lord Mulgrave transport to assist in landing a company of the Royal Reg't of Artillery. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 26)

17

20 Sept. 1789

Vice Adm Milbanke

 

Order: The Company of the first Battalion of the Royal Reg't of Artillery on duty at St. John’s is to be relieved by a company of the second Battalion, which arrived yesterday in the Lord Mulgrave transport. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 27)

18

20 Sept. 1789

Vice Adm Milbanke

Commandant, troops in Lord Mulgrave Transport

They are to get ready to disembark and march into the fort when they arrive.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 28)

18-19

20 Sept. 1789

 Milbanke

 

Since Maj. George Fead's Company of the Royal Regiment of Artillery will land tomorrow, the barracks are to be prepared for them. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 29)

19

21 Sept. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

 

Milbanke informs Major Scot that there's no room in Fort Townshend for any officers bound for England in the Lord Mulgrave transport, but if he can find accommodations in or about town, Milbanke will allow them ashore. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 30)

19

22 Sept. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

 

Order: It is the anniversary of the King’s Coronation; it is to be obserbed by the garrison "in the usual manner". (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 31)

20-21

25 Sept. 1789

A. Graham for Gov. Milbanke

 

In compliance to an order last year from Gov. Elliot, the magistrates have submitted a report of the houses built (and building) within the last 12 months in and about St. John’s. Any houses which were built without permission, or that are a nuisance to the fishery will be taken down [the details of those houses are not provided]. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 32-34)

21

17 Sept. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

 

Notice is given that he has appointed Jacob Waller, Herbert Sawyer, John Trigger, Aaron Graham, Dewes Coke, Archibald Buchanan and Jonathan Ogden as Judges of the Court of Common pleas in the Island of Newfoundland. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 35)

22-23

25 Sept. 1789

A. Graham for Gov. Milbanke

 

Giving notice that all encroachments on the Barrack Ground are be taken down, and that no further encroachments will be permitted in the future. Milbanke has also heard that some people have been using firearms on garrison land to shoot birds, which is alarming the sentinels. No one therefore, "will upon any pretence whatsoever be allowed to use fire arms upon the said Barrack Ground, without permission in writing from the governor for the time being”. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 36-37)

23-24

25 Sept. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Magistrates, St. John's

They are to make a weekly report to him of their proceedings. He provides a blank form to be used for their report. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 38)

24-25

25 Sept. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Magistrates of Ferryland

They are not to let either of the Roman Catholic priests (at Ferryland) exercise their duties until “they have taken and subscribed to the said Oaths of which you (the Magistrates) will not fail to transmit a Certificate”. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 39)

25

28 Sept. 1789

 

 

Order: Six men from the Royal Artillery & six men from the King’s Own Regiment are "to be upon fatigue" (= labor assigned to military men that does not require the use of armament) to bring in wood & coals for the governor’s house. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 40)

25

30 Sept. 1789

 

 

Order: Capt Desbrisay and Maj Fead’s Company of the 2nd Battalion of the Royal Regiment of Artillery are to relieve Major Brady & his Company of the 1st Battalion who are to be ready to embark on the Lord Mulgrave Transport for England.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 41)

26

1 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Lieut Gahan

Capt Desbrisay has informed Milbanke that “it is customary for the next senior officer to the Commandant of the Detachment of Artillery doing duty on this island, to command at Placentia”. Gov. Milbanke therefor directs Lieut Gahan to proceed to Placentia to take command of the garrison there.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 42)

26-27

1 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Capt Desbrisay

Milbanke encloses Gahan's order for Lieut Gahan to assume command of the garrison at Placentia. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 43)

27

1 Oct. 1789

 

 

Order: before they embark for England, the men of Maj. Brady’s Company are to return “such Barrack stores, and Bedding, as they have now in use” to the Barrack Master. The detachment under orders for Placentia are to proceed immediately.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 44)

27-28

1 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Commandant (Placentia)

Milbanke instructs the Commandant at Placentia that Reverend Mr. Harries may continue to occupy the Lieutenant’s Quarter in the Fort until it is needed by a qualifying officer. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 45)

28

3 Oct. 1789

 

 

Order: Maj Brady’s Artillery company are to march to the King’s Wharf where Salisbury’s boats will take them to the Lord Mulgrave Transport for passage to England. “At the same time the detachment doing duty at Fort Amherst is to be relieved by a detachment (of equal strength) from Major Fead’s Company”.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 46)

29

5 Oct. 1789

 

 

Order: “The Troop, Retreat, and Tattoo to be beat by all the Drums of the Garrison”.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 47)

29

6 Oct. 1789

 

 

Order: ther Artillery detachment under order for Placentia are to embark this morning.

29

7 Oct. 1789

 

 

At the request of Capt Rose of the 4th or King’s Own Regiment, Lieut. Ormsby has obtained 6 months leave to attend to his personal affairs in England. That leave is to begin 24 Oct.. The document also states that “The Hand Cart of the Garrison & one of the Sentry Boxs (which are out of Repair) to be repaired by the proper Officers."  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 48)

30-31

7 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Magistrates, Harbour Grace

They have informed Milbanke that the merchants, traders and principal inhabitants are not happy with the solution reached for removing the Irish convicts from Nfld. They would like a "more agreeable" amount of money raised per person. Milbanke is sympathetic and welcomes their suggestions, so long as the amount needed is raised, and as soon as possible.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 49-50)

31-32

7 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Magistrates, Ferryland

Milbanke explains that he has devised another method to raise the money needed to send the Irish convicts out of the country. They are to send to him £90 without delay but they may come up with their own way to raise the money. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 51)

32-34

9 Oct. 1789

 [Gov. Milbanke]

 

Order: The encroachments on the barrack ground belonging have been surveyed, and ten men of the King’s Own Reg't will remove them. The Chief Engineer will ensure that no fence or enclosure is to be built on the garrison’s grounds except for the use of the garrison. The Governor also forbids the use of firearms on the barrack ground, without written permission or permission of those who are there on the "King’s Duty." Anyone firing their guns "could have their guns taken away, and if they are in the military, will face disobedience charges.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 52-53)

34

10 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Mr. Cramer

Milbanke is unable to send a letter to John Waldron at Harbour Breton on the Pegasus.However, another vessel is going there with Cramer who can deliver the letter for Milbanke. Should Waldron already have left Fortune Bay by the time Cramer arrives, he is to deliver the letter to him upon his arrival next year.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 54)

35-36

10 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

John Waldron

Milbanke informs Waldron that if, upon his arrival in Fortune Bay, he did in fact refuse to take cognizance of Mr. Cramer’s case, then he was guilty of "partiality" and failed at doing his duties as a Magistrate. When the Pegasus arrives at Fortune Bay, Waldron is to apprehend Mr. Fermage for the "outrage" committed against Mr. Cramer, and commit him to prison “until he shall find good & sufficient sureties for keeping the Peace for at least 12 months and also for making his appearance before the court on the 1st of August”  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 55-56)

37

13 Oct. 1789

 (Milbanke) Fort Townshend

 

Order: A garrison Court Martial is set “this morning” (Captain Rose president) of Sgt, William Reynar of the 4th (or King’s Own) Regiment for allowing several men to “escape from the Convicts Prison on Sunday Night Last”.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 57)

37

13 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Messrs Thomas & Stokes

Milbanke transmits to Thomas and Stokes a copy of an affidavit made by Edward Meany, and states “it clearly appears to me, that the House there in mentioned is a nuisance to the Fishery”. They are ordered to take down the house, or the Magistrates will employ persons to take it down, and the materials will be sold to pay for the expense of doing so.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 58)

38-40

13 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

 

Gov. Milbanke orders that no buildings are to be erected in St. John’s unless they are necessary to the fishery; any buildings that are deemed to be a nuisance to the fishery will be removed. As well, any house which is found to be harbouring “Dieters” will also be taken down.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 59-61)

40-41

13 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

 

Gov. Milbanke orders the magistrates not to “suffer any seamen, or fishermen, who have been employed in the Fishery at other places during the Summer to Winter in this town unless they shall be regularly shipped as winter servant…” as there have been many idle men being a nuisance to the fishery (destroying flakes for example) in St. John’s.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 62-63)

42

14 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke, Fort Townshend

William Carter, Judge, Vice Adm. Court

Carter is to provide Milbanke with a copy of the proceedings of case “Tremlett against Mitchell”. Milbanke wants to know what amounts Tremlett demanded of Mitchell and “the fish and other articles seized, and sold, by order of the court for discharging the same;” Milbanke would also like a memorandum of the fees paid by the defendant, and a copy of “the account of sales of Mitchells Property”.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 64)

42

14 Oct. 1789

 Gov. Milbanke

 

Order: the Chief Engineer is to clear the King’s road leading from the lime kiln to the ordnance wharf of any encroachments, and to ensure that it be made and kept at least 25 feet wide in all parts.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 65)

43

14 Oct. 1789

Aaron Graham for the governor

John Lees (Barrack Master)

Lees may keep his fence, on the barracks ground, until 22 Oct, but no longer. He adds that Milbanke could not see how, by Gov. Edwards' grant, Lees had any right to the land as private property. By so doing, he has “forfeited all Pretentions to it as an Official Garden”, even by the most liberal interpretation of Gov. Campbell's grants to other officers of the Ordnance.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 66)

43-44

15 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Capt Nepean, Chief Engineer

Milbanke encloses “copies of three grants which were made by Governor Campbell of certain spots upon the Barrack Ground for Gardens, for the use of the troops and military and civil Branches of the Ordnance”. Nepean is to observe that they are not to be deemed encroachments. However, the fence maintained by Mr. Lees, the Barrack Master, around his garden must come down after 22 October.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 67)

44-45

15 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

William Carter, Judge, Vice Adm. Court

Timothy Hogan, a boatkeeper of Burin, had his boat, craft, and thirty two quintals of fish seized by an order of the Vice Admiralty Court at Placentia. He has yet to hear from the court on the subject, nor does he know if there is to be a trial or if one was already set. Gov. Milbanke orders William Carter to inform him as to who his deputies are and what instructions they were given on the matter, in particular, the case of Le Feuvre vs Hogan. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 68)

45-46

18 Oct. 1789

 Milbanke

William Carter 

The Register of the Vice Admiralty Court is to deliver to the office of the Secretary a complete current account of the case between John Mitchell of Petty Harbour and the Registry in the case of Tremlett vs. Mitchell. “Mr. Carter will likewise please to direct Mr. Haye to bring with him the Book of Accounts belonging to, and which was seized with the Effects of Mitchell last year at Petty Harbour.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 69)

46

19 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

John Sawer, Master Carpenter of the Ordnance (St. John’s)

Sawer is to survey all the furniture Government House and report to the governor in writing on its condition.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 70)

47

20 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

John Brown, James Rennells

Many complaints have been brought against Mr. Le Feuvre of Burin. Milbanke suspects that Le Feuvre “took it upon himself to act against the Dealers, in a manner not altogether consistent either with Law or Equity." Milbanke therefore instructs Brown and Rennells that, if Le Feuvre makes another application to them for “the seizure of any Boats, Fishing Rooms, or other Effects of Boatkeepers (his Debtors) in your district," that they will only attach or take as security such property as will discourage the Boatkeepers from making off with their boats & fish. Meanwhile, they are to summarize all cases in which Le Feuvre has made seizures against his dealers.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 71)

48

20 Oct. 1789

 

 

The Bench of Justices will ensure that enouigh of Lawrence Tobias wages for his services in the fishery, separate from his debts, is set aside for his and his wife’s passage to Ireland.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 72)

48

20 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

 

Milbanke thanks the Committee of Merchants in Harbour Grace for “their willingness to accept his proposal for raising the money the Money needed to send home the Irish Convicts”   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 73)

49

21 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

John Dingle

Milbanke disapproves of Dingle's conduct in seizing a boat from a man known as Holahan and then failing for many months to deal with the matter in court. Dingle is to send the boat to St. John’s by the servants so that if the boat is condemned, they may be paid their wages from its sale.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 74)

50

21 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Customs officers, Nfld

Mr. Coke, the Comptroller, is granted permission to go to England “in the course of the ensuing Autumn to attend to his private affairs.” Mr. Coke must appoint a proper person to do his duties for him while he is away.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 75)

50-51

21 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

William Carter, Judge, Vice Adm. Court, Nfld

Milbanke has read the letter written to Carter by Mr. Haye, the Register of the Court of Vice Admiralty, explaining his neglect in keeping any records of the proceedings of that court since his appointment to the office of Register in Sept. 1787. Milbanke would like to know what Carter thinks should be done with Mr. Haye.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 76)

51-52

22 Oct. 1789

 presumably Gov. Milbanke

 

[This document has a slash through it].  "The bearer Malone" has twice been to see the governor to retrieve his wages from Mr. Thomson. Malone was drunk, and very rude to the governor, so Milbanke decided that he should be confined until he is sober, then given a whipping, and then the appropriate steps should be taken to retrieve his wages and send him out of the country.

52

22 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Magistrates of St. John’s

Gov. Milbanke had warned Messieurs Thomas and Stokes that the house they own in St. John’s and inhabited by Edward Meany was a nuisance to the fishery and had to be taken down before this day (22 Oct. 1789). The house is still there, so Milbanke orders the Magistrates of St John’s to hire enough labourers to take the house down. They may sell some of the materials to cover the expense of taking down the house, the rest is to be left for Messieurs Thomas and Stokes. If Thomas and Stokes fail to remove the remainder of the materials after ten days, the materials may be sold for the benefit of the public.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 77)

53

23 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Robert Carter,  Ferryland

Milbanke sends him a letter by Capt. Waller, explaining a dispute between Robert Carter and MrJohn Leigh regarding a deposit. (Legal Case, Judgement given for Plaintiff, John Leigh). Milbanke does not approve of the way Carter acts as attorney to servants for recovery of wages while serving as a Justice of Peace.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 78)

54

24 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

John Lees (Barrack Master)

He is to deliver old barrack bedding (described) to Robert Coysh, master of the brig Elizabeth and Clare, for the use of the convicts embarked on the brig by his order .  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 79)

55

24 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Robert Coysh (master, brig Elizabeth and Clare)

Coysh is instructed to take the convicts back to England, where he is to wait for instructions from His Majesty's ministers as to where to bring them. "Taking care to inform W.W Grenville" (Principle Secretary of State). Instructs him to take convicts to England with haste, and to take care of them in the best possible way.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 80)

56

24 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

Lieut. Gov. Elford

Arrangements for coming winter during Milbanke's absence. Milbanke will soon leaver in Salisbury for England; command of the troops and garrison will go to Elford. Gives instructions of signals to be made to ships of war coming into St. John's harbour. Passing military duties onto people such as Commandant of Fort Amherst. Provides two letters regarding military issues between Lord Dorchester and Brigadier General Ogilvie, as well as one from general to military officer of the highest. Indicates Lt. Gov. Elford will be in power for the winter.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 81-82)

57

24 Oct. 1789

Gov. Milbanke

William Carter, Judge,  Vice Admiralty Court, Nfld

Provides list of attested balances due from Thomas Sulton of Trepassey, for wages unpaid in 1788. As fish and oil must first be used to pay wages, he is to direct his deputy in Trepassey to pay the servants their owed balances out of the fish, oil or other effects in Sulton's procession.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 83)

58

25 Oct. 1789

Gov Milbanke

John Dingle

He is sympathetic to the intent of Dingle's order, which Dingle explains in his letter of 23 Oct, to remove dieters from his district; those for whom passage to Great Britain cannot be arranged must remain there and not be allowed to drift to St. John's where they can become troublesome. He accepts Dingle's apology for the misconduct of taking Holohan's [Nolohan's?] boat (see above, p. 49).  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 84)

59

25 Oct. 1789

Gov Milbanke

William Carter, Judge Vice Adm Court, Nfld

 Carter has had to hire a venue for Vice Admiralty Court hearings, and would like to use the jury room of the court house instead. Milbanke approves of having public court hearings, but these must be in the main hall of the court room, not the jury room, nor may the jury room be used for an office.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 85)

59-60

26 Sept. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

Magistrates of Bonavista

Milbanke has received the letter they sent 24 July to Capt Trigge, HM Sloop Nautilus, in which they enclosed a report of an inquisition taken on 25 Feb and witness statements regarding the death of Christopher Garret, a servant of John Sander, a planter. There are grounds to believe that Garret died of mistreatment. Sander to is to be sent to St. Johns for trial in the Placentia armed sloop.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 89)

61

28 Sept. 1709

Gov. Milbanke

Capt Skinner, Chief Engineer

Giving Skinner permission to stay in the house of his predecessor, though it was part of the building intended to be dismantled in Fort Williams. He may make improvements provided this does disrupt others or cost the government any expense.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 90)

62

28 Sept. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

William Carter

Nicholas Gill Haye was appointed Register of the Vice Admiralty Court and was "deposed" on 20 Oct 1789 based on "certain Charges". Haye wants an inquiry "into the Truth and foundation of the said charges." The Admiralty has instructed Milbanke to investigate; Carter is to explain the circumstances. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 91)

62-63

28 Sept. 1790

Gov. Milbanke Fort Townshend

 

Order: Notice of changes of command: Major Fead takes over the detachment of the Royal Artillery, and Capt. Thomas Skinner of the Royal Engineers takes over for Captain Nepean.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 92)

63

30 Sept. 1790

A. Graham for Gov. Milbanke

 

Notice: the General Assizes will be held at the court house in St. Johns on Saturday 16 October.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 93)

63-64

2 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

Nicholas Gill Haye

Since Haye wanted his case to be looked into, the governor requests his explanation as to why he was fired.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 95)

65

2 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

 

Order: work begins next Monday to repair roads leading to Fort Townshend. This will be done by parties sent from the Royal Artillery and the King’s Own Reg't. Chief Engineer must ask the Commandant how many men he may have each day.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 96)

65

4 Oct. 1790

 Milbanke, Gov't House

 

"Benjamin Lester against Thomas Fitzgerald / Thomas Street against Thomas Fitzgerald." Wants Mr. Carter (Vice Admiralty Court) to let him know what has been done in the above cases, and whether any account was rendered to Fitzgerald for the sale and appropriation of his property (which was seized for payment of Lester and Street).  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 97)

66

4 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

Dewes Coke

Giving permission to Coke to repair houses on his property, so long as he presents this letter to the Sheriff before starting of work.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 98)

66

5 Oct. 1790

 

 

Notice: all fires in the Garrison are to be put out tomorrow morning until the movement of powder is completed and the storekeeper reports to the officer that the powder has been moved and the magazine secured.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 99)

67

5 Oct. 1790

A. Graham for the Governor)

John Livingston, Dewes Coke, Robert Bully, Mr. Little, Mr. Byrne, John Hutchings

They are to inform inhabitants of St. Johns who own carts that, if they expect to use the roads to Fort Townshend once they are repaired, they must provide carts now to be used for the repair of the road.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 100)

67

6 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

Nicholas Gill Haye

Haye is to appear before him tomorrow with the papers relating to the case. of Andrew Thomson & Co.vs Sutton, a boatkeeper, of Trepassey. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 101)

68

7 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

Gerrard Ford, John Bland

Legal matter; the men are accused of "charges of so serious a nature against you" (unspecified) as well as another involving seizing and selling a large quantity of feathers without rendering an account. The governor is therefore sending Captain Trigge to Trinity to enquire into the matter. If Trigge cannot proceed to Bonavista, then they are to present themselves to him in Trinity. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 102)

69

 6 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke 

Mr. Carter (Vice Adm'y Court)

Governor desires that Thomas Sutton of Trepassey be furnished with an account as settled by the Vice Admiralty court between him and Andrew Thomson & Co.. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 103)

69

6 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

Nicholas Gill Haye

The Vice Admiralty judge cannot settle the matter of the brig Betsey, Thomas Casey, master, without certain documents in Hayes' possession. Hayes is to produce the documents as well as those relating to the case of Thomas & Co. vs boatkeeper Sutton of Trepassey. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 104)

70

10 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

 

Appointed: Robert Carter, Henry Sweetland, Peter Romney, Nicholas Brand as JPs for the district of Ferryland, extending from Cape Race to  Toads Cove. Robert Carter is Keeper of the Rolls. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 105)

70-71

10 Oct. 1790

 

 

Mooring & transporting buoys in the Narrows have been carried off because too many vessels have moored to them at the same time. Henceforth, no more than one vessel may moor at each buoy. The officer at Amherst Tower is to report violations.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 106)

71

10 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

Henry Sweetland (JP)

He has learned that the Carpenter who worked on the Court House in Ferryland (Mr. Stuart) made "too close a bargain" to complete the work and would therefore not receive a fair profit; Chief Engineer Nepean therefore proposes a gratuity be paid the carpenter. Milbanke orders that £10 as a gratuity from public funds.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 107)

72

6 Oct. 1790

 A. Graham for Gov. Milbanke

 

He appoints Dewes Coke, Richard Routh, George Williams, Jonathan Ogden, John Rogers, George Hutchings, and Robert Bolland as Commissioners of Oyer and Terminer. They have full power to hear and try all criminal cases, treason excepted. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 108-109)

72

11 Oct. 1790

 

 

Order:  Sentries are to stop dogs from fighting within the fort. If any are naturally quarrelsome, they are to be turned out of the fort or tied up.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 110)

74

12 Oct. 1790

 

 

Order: Chief Engineer is to open the Wickets at the top and bottom of the gateways at Forts Townshend and William. Proper officer is to have the hand cart repaired, and a tub provided for removing ashes out of the Barracks. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 111)

74-76

11 May. 1790

Thomas Steele, Treasury

William Eppes

 

William Eppes has been appointed Commissary of Provisions for Newfoundland with a salary of 5 shillings per day. He is to proceed directly to St. John's where he is to provide the proper rations to the inhabitants of the Garrison and their families (a list appears on the following pages). Asked to transmit receipts to the treasury office every three months. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 86-88)

76

30 Sept. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

William Eppes

Acknowledges Eppes' appointment and orders; he is to report to him if there are problems with rationing within the garrison. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 94)

77-78

 10 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

Nicholas Gill Haye 

Haye denies charges against him, that he "recovered money for sundry people, on different accounts, and refuse to pay or even account with them for the same". Gov. Milbanke agrees that the charges can be nullified only if William Carter provides some kind of proof, and so the governor requested such verification from Carter. Carter has now produced a series of affidavits in support of his accusations. Milbanke asks Haye to review them and respond. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 112-113)

78-80

15 Oct 1790

Gov. Milbanke

George Hutchings

Considers his request respecting an alteration which he wishes to make in his storehouse, so long as it does not affect the fishery. As for Alexander Long's house it was built contrary to Milbanke's proclamation of 13 Oct 1789. Long was warned not to continue building his house there, yet he did on claims that it was just a "potato cellar, though there is a complete chimney, if not two in it, and lodgings for at least six, or eight Dieters". Milbanke wants it taken down. Any building built on these lands must be approved by the governor, except those needed for curing fish. Furthermore, no land may be made private property unless used for the fishery. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 114-116)

80

15 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

Major Fead (Artillery Regt)

Gives permission to Lieut Cockcraft for "six months leave of absence from his duty to go to England, for recovery of his health." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 117)

81

15 Oct. 1790

 

 

Order: Soldiers are not to chop their wood either in or under the gallery of Barracks, but to do it at the usual place at the end of the provision store. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 118)

81

16 Oct. 1790

 

 

Order: "Lieutenant Cockcraft of the Royal Regiment of Artillery has the governor's leave to go to England for the recovery of his health." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 119)

81

17 Oct. 1790

 

 

Order: the gaol in St. John's is in so weak a state that the Sheriff has requested a guard for better security of the prisoners. A Corporal and four privates of the Reg't are to be sent to do duty at the prison (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 120)

81-84

18 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

Henry Sweetland, JP

He notes that when magistrates collect money for government, they do so with "alacrity", but when they must pay money out, it is done "with so much reluctance that one can scarcely believe there is any regular system of Government in the Island." Specifically, Sweetland was to have paid £10 to Mr. Stuart (carpenter) out of public funds; Sweetland did not do so. At the same time, Sweetland has charged £22..6 for improvements to the court house, namely "Bath Stoves and mahogany tables." Milbanke insists that Sweetland cannot allow the district to carry such a debt except with the permission of the governor or his surrogate. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 121-123)

84-85

18 Oct 1790

Gov. Milbanke

Capt Rose of the 4th Reg.', Capt Desbrisay of the Royal Artillery

Two gunners, John Morrison, and Alexander Stephens, were injured in the service and requested to be relieved of duty for the winter as they are very ill. Milbanke asks to have the surgeon examine them and confirm their condition. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 124)

85

19 Oct. 1790

 

 

Order: the gaol in St. John's remains in a weak state so the Sheriff requests a guard for better security of the prisoners. A Corporal and six privates of the Reg't are immediately, and daily until further notice, to sent to do duty at the prison (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 120)

85-86

20 Oct 1790

A. Graham (for Gov. Milbanke)

Isaac Follett

He is not to allow Patrick Hunter, or any other person to disturb Thomas Sutton in the peaceable enjoyment of his potato garden at Trepassey, nor do anything to injure Sutton's family. If any person has cause to complain against him they are to wait until the Governor returns. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 126)

86

20 Oct. 1790

 Milbanke

 

Order: Each entrance into the fort has a "very indecent Appearance." A party from each corps is to be employed in removing the dirt from either path leading into the garrison. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 127)

87-88

23 Oct. 1790

A. Graham (For Gov. Milbanke)

Richard Geaves

[Pages 85-86 are repeated before p. 87 appears] The governor wants to know when his vessel will be ready to receive and sail to England with passengers. William Emmett has complained that his service ended on 20 Oct yet Geaves has not paid him and he is therefore unable to make passage to England. Although it is proper for servants to make passage with their masters, if your vessel cannot be made ready to sail right away, then your servant should be given his money so that he can make passage with another. However, a master is not to let his servant stay on the Island in the winter and must force him to make passage to England. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 128-129)

88

25 Oct. 1790

 Milbanke

 

It is "the anniversary of the King's accession to the Throne" and ":is to be solemnized by the garrison in the usual manner... The Remains of the late lieutenant Fitzpatrick of the Queens American Rangers are to be interred with the Honors usually paid to officers of his rank, the party to be furnished from the King's own." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 130)

89

26 Oct.1790

Gov. Milbanke

Merchants of St. Johns

They asked to have the court, which has closed for the winter, toi be opened again. However the Governor cannot comply as the assizes can only be held once a year. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 131)

89-90

20 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

William Carter (Vice Adm'y Court)

Milbanke approves of the suspension under which the Register, Hayes, was placed. It shall continue thus until the Lords of the Admiralty can decide on the situation (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 132)

90

25 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

John Lees

Gives him permission for a room's allowance of fuel and candles for Mr. Hawkins, surgeon of the ordnance for dispensary and hospital (for the civil branch). (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 133)

91

28 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

William Carter

With Mr. Haye suspended, they will have no Register of the Vice Admiralty Court, and all papers will be in his possession. So Milbanke directs the books and papers to be lodged in the court under Carter's care until the Lords of the Admiralty replace or restore Mr. Haye. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 134)

92

28 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

William Lilly

His letters to Captain Trigge and Mr. Graham give Milbanke a good sense of events, and he regards Lilly's actions "charitable and humane" and the decision of the jury "a just one". With regard to Mr. Carrol's behaviour, Milbanke suggests that the magistrates are to blame "if he or any other persons are suffered to forget the respect which is due to them in court, and I hope never to hear that they are at a loss here to act upon such occasion." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 135)

92-94

28 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

Robert Carter

Governor questions Carter's request for clerk's salary & expenses; these are to be paid for through fees collected, and the governor expects a full accounting of all such fees collected and expenses drawn on them. He also disapproves of Carter sending idle immigrants back to Ireland, through public funds. Money spent must be approved by him or his surrogate. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 136-137)

94-95

28 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

William Eppes

Mr. Lees the Barrack Master has always drawn on the King's Stores for provisions but in the latest "scheme of Victualling" sent by Treasury, his name is omitted. Surely this is a mistake. Milbanke agrees and orderts Eppes to issue provisions, and to contact Treasury for confirmation or clarification. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 138)

95

25 Oct. 1790

A. Graham for Gov Milbanke

Nicholas Gill Haye

Haye is to bring all books and papers in his possession that belong to the Court of Vice Admiralty to the judge of the said court and to get a receipt for doing so. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 139)

96

25 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

Capt Skinner, Chief Engineer

Clergymen, church wardens, and magistrates informed Milbanke of the deploring condition of the Church. Milbanke wishes to know if the church is worth repair, or if a new one should be built, and the cost of doing so. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 140)

97-98

29 Oct. 1790

A. Graham for Gov. Milbanke

Henry Phillips (High Sheriff)

Regarding a legal case involving the murder of  Henry Brookes by Cornelius Bryan, for which Bryan was tried and sentenced to hang. The governor has doubts of the legality of the trial and wishes the case to be reviewed by the Crown. Orders the execution for Bryan suspended ("I do ... respite the execution") until it is reviewed. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4,pp. 141-142)

98-99

31 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

Henry Phillips

Ordering the destruction of Alexander Long’s house which was built in disregard to the governor's proclamation of 13 Oct '89 [see above, pp. 78-80]. Upon review, the governor remains convinced that the house is a nuisance to the fishery because "it is calculated to receive and entertain Dieters during the Winter." Governor instructs Phillips to order the house taken down by 10 Nov.; if Long refuses, Phillips is to have the proper people do so. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4,pp. 143-144)

99-100

31 Oct. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

John Randall, Andrew Barnes, Henry Radford, Michael Little, Robert Brine, Garret Quigley, Jonathon Ogden

Giving permission to these men to work on Mr. Clinnick's plantation, but not to enlarge it. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 145)

100-101

31 Oct. 1790

Gov Milbanke

Lieut. Gov. Elford

Provides list of private signals for ships of war coming into St. John's harbour as he will be leaving for England this evening. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 146)

101-102

2 Nov, 1790

Gov. Milbanke (Salisbury)

Henry Phillips

Directs him, when he takes down Mr. Long's house, to remove the chimney built by Mr. Bovey as well and have the house turned back into a fishing convenience, as it has been expressed for him to do so numerous times. Furthermore, "numbering the inhabitants" is also something that the givernor wants done this winter.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 147)

102-103

2 Nov. 1790

Gov Milbanke, Salisbury

 Father O'Donel

Milbanke cannot support the building of more churches on the Island for the Roman Catholic Church as he feels it will encourage inhabitants to winter in Newfoundland and "that is not the interest of Great Britain to encourage people to Winter in Newfoundland...". Has heard rumors that Mr. O'Donnel encourages inhabitants to spend the winter in Newfoundland. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 148)

103

26 May 1791

Gov. Milbanke

Rev. John Evans

Appointing John Evans as reverend and chaplain to the garrison at Placentia. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 149)

104

26 May 1791

Gov Milbanke

Capt Skinner Chief Engineer

Rev. John Evans may occupy the lieutenant's quarters in the Placentia garrison, "it being at present empty and not being likely to be wanted for an Officer for some time to come." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 150)

104

26 May 1791

Gov. Milbanke

John Lees Barrack Master

He is to extend one room's allowance of fuel and candle to Mr. John Evans (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 151)

105

26 May 1791

Gov. Milbanke

William Isham Eppes

John Evans is to be provided with one ration of provisions for himself and another for his servant(See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 152)

105-106

12 Sept. 1791

A. Graham for Gov. Milbanke

 

Aaron Graham is appointed an assessor of the civil court. His duties are outlined in a session of Parliament called: "An Act for Instituting a court of civil jurisdiction in the Island of Newfoundland. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 153-154)

107

12 Sept. 1791

A. Graham for Gov. Milbanke

 

Appointing Dewes Coke to be an assessor of the civil court. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 155-156)

108

15 Sept. 1791

Gov. Milbanke

John Lees

Requesting an inventory of the furniture belonging to the government house "as delivered to you by my Steward". (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 157)

108

15 Sept. 1791

Gov. Milbanke

John Lees

Milbanke has received Lee's letter of yesterday and today with enclosurees. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 158)

108-109

16 Sept. 1791

Gov. Milbanke

Lieut Gov Elford

Approving of Elford’s leave to England for the recovery of his health and to take care of his private affairs. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 159)

109

19 Sept. 1791

 [Milbanke]

 

Order: "Troops are to be under Arms tomorrow morning at half past 6 o'clock to attend the execution of the sentence of the garrison court martial." Regrets that his order a neglect to stop dogs quarrel;ing and fighting within the garrison has been neglected. All dogs "shewing a disposition to be Quarrelsome" are to be turned out; those "who own Bitches are ... to have them tied up at the Proper season" or the Serjeant of the Guard will "see such Bitches taken without the Gates and hanged." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 160)

110-11

19 Sept. 1791

A. Graham for Gov. Milbanke

 

Appointing "John Reeves, Dewes Coke, Richard Routh, George Williams, Jonathan Ogden, Robert Bollard and George Hutchings commissioners with full power and authority to hear and determine all criminal cases" for the trial of Oyer and Terminer. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 161-162)

111

19 Sept. 1791

A. Graham for Gov. Milbanke

 

Trial of Oyer and Terminer will be held at the court house in St. Johns on Monday 26 September (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 163)

112

27 Sept. 1791

 

 

Appointing John Brown and John Evans JPs at Placentia. John Brown to be Keeper of the Rolls (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 164)

112-113

 27 Sept. 1790

Gov. Milbanke

Isaac Follett (Trepassey)

Disapproves of charges in his account of £33..17 for making and repairing of gun carriages and  £5..10 for repairing muskets. If the guns are being used to protect merchant property in the harbour then they should pay the fee. He also disapproves of his paying such a large sum without his approval and taking the balance of  £44..2 for building of gaol and court house in the district. (Decided via a request of Captain Waller) (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 165-166)

113-114

30 Sept. 1791

Gov. Milbanke

Captain Skinner

Approves a building at the southwest end of the Artillery Barracks to house stores belonging to the ordnance storekeeper & Barrack Master. He is to send the dimensions of the building to be entered into the records of the Island. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 167)

114

2 Oct. 1791

 [Graham for Milbanke?]

 

Order: the governor has seen sailors & fishermen come drunk out of the soldiers' barracks. The keeper of the canteens is strictly ordered not to sell liquor to seamen or fishermen at risk of losing privileges they have. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 168)

115

5 Oct. 1791

 [Graham for Milbanke?]

 

Order: Chief Engineer requesting 23 men including a sergeant and two corporals to carry materials to Signal Hill to comlete the new guard house there. A party is to be formed from the Royal Regiment of Artillery and the King’s Own Regiment to follow the directions of the chief. The Barrackmaster is also to provide a complete list of personnel residing in Fort William. And since the time is approaching when fishing servants are discharged from service "and every precaution is necessary for the preservation of the peace, which is too frequently disturbed by drunkness ... of the Fishermen," no non-coms or soldiers are to sleep outside the fort.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 169-170)

116

10 Oct. 1791

Gov. Milbanke

Customs officers, St. Johns

No vessel is to be entered inwards or cleared outwards at the custom house without a certificate from the governor to confirm that the master has made a report of their arrival or intended departure (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 171)

116-118

13 Oct. 1791

 [Graham for Milbanke?]

 

Various arrangements for the officers' quarters and soldiers barracks at Fort William: Captain Skinner will take possession of Lieut Governor's quarters once he has left for England. Mr Ogden, and Lees are to keep the same quarters. Various other arrangements for quarters andf use. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 172-174)

118-119

15 Oct. 1791

  [Graham for Milbanke?]

 

Ladders are being left on the walls of the garrison after work has been finished. They are to be taken down and stored behind the barracks. Those who violate these orders are to be punished. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 175)

119

15 Oct. 1791

Gov. Milbanke

John Lees

Capt Desbrisay of the Royal Artillery will continue to use Barrack rooms no. 8 and 9 to house five men who have for sometime occupied the same room. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 176)

120

15 Oct. 1791

Gov. Milbanke

 

No objection to the labourers employed in Ordnance service to continue to be housed in barrack rooms. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 177)

120-121

 26 Oct. 1791

 A. Graham for Gov. Milbanke

High Sheriff

Order for the execution of Cornelius Bryan, found guilty on 18 Oct for wilful murder, and of Patrick Murphy and John Noddy, guilty of forgery. The body of Cornelius Bryan is to be hanged in chains; the bodies of Murphy and Noddy to be buried. (This is all per the trial of Oyer and Terminer)  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 178-179)

122

27 Oct. 1791

Gov. Milbanke

William Eppes

Giving permission for him to go to England for eight months for his private affairs. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 180)

122

27 Oct. 1791

Gov. Milbanke

 

Order: to increase the prison guard to seven men, this to be "continued night and day till Saturday evening". (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 181)

122-123

29 Oct. 1791

 [Milbanke]

 

Order: Governor has noticed men and women belonging to the fort going into the ditches and covered ways. Since he has noticed this and pickets have gone missing and supposed to be stolen. He therefore orders that no one may go into the ditches or covered ways. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 182-183)

124

28 Oct. 1791

 [Milbanke]

 

Order: detachment of the Artillery & the King’s Own Regiment are to go to the town goal and attend the execution of Cornelius Bryan, Patrick Murphy, and John Noddy (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 184)

124

29 Oct. 1791

Gov. Milbanke

 

Gives permission to Major Fead of the Royal Regiment to go to England to settle private affairs. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 185)

125

30 Oct. 1791

Gov. Milbanke

Capt Minett (King's Own Regiment)

Gives him command of the troops and garrison as he leaves that night in Salisbury for England. Gives him to signals for warships coming into the harbour. These are to be kept secret between himself and the Commandant of Fort Amherst.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 186)

126-134

19 Jul. 1792

"By Writ of Privy Seal - Yorke"

Sir Richard King

Richard King's appointment and instructions as governor of Newfoundland. Defoi King's powers and responsibilities are defined. Identifies certain Acts already in place in Newfoundland, that he cannot overrule. Discourages inhabitation of the Island.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 187-195)

135-137

2 Jul. 1792

"By Writ of Privy Seal - Yorke"

 

Proclamation: after long consideration, a court of criminal and civil jurisdiction is to be established in Newfoundland by act of Parliament; this court will bring proper legal devices to the people in Nfld. Gives permission to the Chief Justice to appoint positions within the court. Salaries left to the decision of the governor.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 196-198)

138

4 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

 

Proclamation: no one is to disturb the French fishery within the coast of Newfoundland, as outlined by the Treaty of Utrecht and confirmed by the Treaty of Versailles (1783).  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 199-200)

139

4 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

 

Proclamation: Orders the fishing admirals to ensure that all fish coming from Masters of Fishing ships, bye boat keepers, and inhabitants is of good quality and cured properly, and to report to the governor anyone who fails to do so.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 201-202)

140

4 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

 

Proclamation: birds along the shores of Newfoundland are not be destroyed for their feathers alone. Birds are useful as food and bait, and for warning sailors during a fog that they are nearing the land.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 203-204)

141-142

4 Sept. 1790

Gov. King

Graham Moore. HM Sloop Bonetta

Governor, with the advice of the Chief Justice, has the power to appoint surrogate courts in various parts of Newfoundland. He therefore creates such a court for Trinity Harbour, and appoints Moore as surrogate to hold such court. Similar orders are given to John Manley (Syren) and Alan Gardner (Circe) "to hold surrogate courts in the Bay Of Bulls, Ferryland, Trepassey, St. Lawrence, Mortier, St. Mary's, Placentia., and Harbour Breton"   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 205-207; see also D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 208)

144-145

4 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

Henry Phillips

Appoints Henry Phillips as High Sheriff of Newfoundland with power and authority to appoint deputy sheriffs to keep peace in the Island,  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 209-210 and p. 211)

146

7 Sept. 1792

 

 

List of persons appointed by Gov. King as Justice of the Peace.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 212-213)

146-148

7 Sept. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

Lt. Jahleel Brenton

Orders to take John Reeves to Harbour Grace aboard the armed sloop Trepassey.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 214)

148-149

 

John Jones

Gov. King

Jones is a Dissenting minister; he congratulates King's appointment as governor of Newfoundland. Looking for protection of his church as previous governors have done.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 215-216)

149-150

14 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

Robert Carter

Appoints Robert Carter, Capt. Manley, HMS Syren, Nicholas Brand, and Peter Romney as Justices of the Peace for the district of Ferryland. Requests Carter to send regular correspondence outlining inhabitants, their denominations, and the state of the fishery.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 217)

150-151

14 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

John Manley, Syren

King has received Manley's letter by way of Lieut. Tucker of the Placentia regarding the state of Manley's ship. Informs him that he has been appointed as JP in Ferryland and must take the necessary oaths. As resident, Robert Carter is the "custos".  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 218)

151-152

15 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

 

General Order: Prohibits any soldier or persons employed by the garrison to have any dealings or work with the Newfoundland fishery. Soldiers are not allowed to have any beach space or stages, or to book rooms. Limits the number of public houses in St. John's to 24. All "monopolies of Stores, Provisions and other Commodities necessary for the subsistence of the Fishermen" are to be strictly discouraged. All retailers must maintain at least one shallop in the fishery.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 219-220; see also D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 221 regarding limits set on public houses in other communities.

152

 

Gov. King

Mr. Bulger, Clerk of the Works

Approving Bulger's application for quarters in Fort William; he is to receive the best accommodations in the garrison which are not already occupied.

153-155

Sept. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

JPs for district of St. Johns

As per the King's patent of 19 July 1792, any inhabitant or person who frequents the Island of Newfoundland is allowed religious freedom. However those dissenting from the Church of England must take the necessary oaths, and this must be enforced by the JPs. The number of public houses in St. Johns may not exceed 24; each person allowed to have a public house must employ at least one shallop. This applies to shop keepers too, but prevent the monopoly of selling provisions & supplies. This same notice has been given to other districts differing in the number of houses allowed is to not exceed more than absolutely necessary.

155

17 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

 

Garrison Order: "Garrison court martial to sit tomorrow morning ... to try all such prisoners as may be brought before them." To be presided by: Captain Desbrisay (president), Lieutenant Horndon, Ensign Faunce.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 222)

155

18 Sept. 1792

 

 

Garrison Order: "The Garrison court martial which sat this day, of which Captain Desbrisay of the Royal Artillery was president, is dissolved and the sentence approved of.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 223)

156

18 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

 

Garrison Order: The Barrack Master is to move his bedding stores from the officers' rooms in the Artillery barracks to the Infantry barracks, where they were formerly, in order to make room for Judge Reeves who needs to be provided with suitable furniture.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 224)

156-157

18 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

 

Public Notice: many people remove stones from public roads or barrack grounds for ballast, to the injury of ground cleared for exercising the troops. This is prohibitted as well as cutting sod off the barrack grounds.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 225)

157

19 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

Moses Cheater, Fogo

He has been appointed JP for the Island of Fogo. "I take the opportunity of the sloop Blaney bound to that place, to acquaint you therewith, and that I shall forward the commission to you in a few days.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 226)

157

19 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

 

General Order: masters of fishery ships must carry home the same number of passengers they took to the Island or face prosecution.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 227)

158

21 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

 

"Tomorrow being the anniversary of his Majesty's coronation, it is to be solemnized in the usual way by the troops of the garrison." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 228)

158

22 Sept. 1792

Charles Brewer for the governor

Edmund Walsh

Walsh may repair, but not enlarge his dwelling. He must show this letter to the High Sheriff and allow him to examine the house before work is done.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 229)

159

23 Sept. 1792

King

 

Garrison Order: the commander in chief will review the detachments of Royal Artillery and the Kings Own regiment on Wednesday next, the 26th. Capt Skinner of the Royal Engineers is appointed aide de camp to the Commander in Chief.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 230)

159

23 Sept. 1792

King

Capt Skinner, Chief Engineer

After being alerted by Rev "Harris" [sic] about the deplorable state of the Church in St. Johns, he orders Skinner to examine it and provide an estimate of work that needs to be done.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 231)

160-161

24 Sept. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

 

An order by former Gov. Richard Edwards in 1781 has never been carried through. This order was to remove the fence and lay open a piece of ground near the head of the Kings Road leading to the Barrens, which was supposed to be developed into an official garden. John Lees (Barrack Master) is granted the land to develop this garden.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 232-233)

161-162

25 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

Rev. Harries

He reported that the condition of the church is "unsafe, and almost impossible to perform divine Service during the severe Winter Months", and requests that the Court House be used during the winter for services. King replies that Capt. Skinner is inspecting the church "minutely" and will estimate the cost of repair. Meanwhile services may be held in the court house. King also directs that land be found to bury the dead as the existing cemetery is "so full that a Corpse cannot be interred without disturbing the Remains of those already buried."  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 234-235)

162-163 25 Sept 1792 Gov. King Capt Skinner, Chief Engineer He and Rev. Harries are to "fix upon a proper piece of Ground" for a new cemetery. (see D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 236)

162-164

25 Sept. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

John Jones

He grants John Jones's request for about 2 acres of land to cultivate, as he served in the army upwards of 20 years.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 237-238)

164-165

25 Sept. 1792

Gov King

Moses Cheater, Fogo

Cheater has already been informed about his appointment as Justice. King now sends him the warrant for this appointment, and asks him to let Capt Moore, HM Sloop Bonetta, upon his arrival at Fogo who the other JP is. Cheater is to acknowledge receipt of the warrant by way of the first vessel making way to St. John's. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 239)

165

27 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

 

Garrison Order: Signifying the approval and satisfaction of the Commander in Chief in the appearance and manoeuvres of the corps.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 240)

166

27 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

 

Garrison Order: a court martial will sit tomorrow morning at Capt Desbrisay's quarters to try all such prisoners brought before them. Presided by: Capt Skinner (President), Lieutenant Horndon, Ensign Faunce.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 241)

166

28 Sept. 1792

Gov King

 

Garrison Order: approves the sentence given to Thomas Marshall at the court martial; he is to be released from confinement and restored to his former rank of Bombadier.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 242)

167-168

28 Sept. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

 

James Cummins, agent for William Knox of Soho, London, secured a grant from former Giv. Elliot for a grant of land at the top of Fermeuse Harbour for fishing premises. But the premises are too high up for a boat fishery and a bank fishery, and he therefore wants to locate the fishing room to the middle of Fermeuse, "next the Sea". Two "very ancient inhabitants of Fermeuse" confirm that the new location has not been occupied for many years. King grants his permission.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 243-244)

168-169

29 Sept. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

 

Granting Robert Bollard (military storekeeper and paymaster) a piece of land outside the fort to develop a garden. His successor may also use this land for a garden.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 245-246)

170

30 Sept. 1792

Gov. King

 

Garrison Order: "From the 25th of March to the 29th of September the evening gun to be fired at 9 o'clock, and from the 29th of September to the 25 of March at 8 O'clock  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 247)

170-171

30 Sept. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

John Manley, Syren

Manley is to transport John Reeves (Chief Justice of the Island) and his suite to Ferryland Harbour or Caplin Bay (as weather permits) and remain until Reeves has finished his work in the Court of Judicature. He is also to stop at Bay Bulls during his return.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 248)

171-172

4 Oct. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

JPs, all districts

Has ordered a public whipping of Joseph Barber, Daniel Coffee, John Shea, Michael Lines, Richard Fitzgerald, and Edward Shea for destroying birds for their feathers and eggs, when it was instructed that people were not to do so. Commands that the names of the punished be posted in all districts, to set an example for anyone else doing so.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 249-250)

173-174

5 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

JPs, Trinity

Amande Leard, Master of the Gentille (French fishing brig) lost his main mast in a gale while fishing on the banks. He fell in with the Fly, also fishing on the banks in the service of Benjamin Lester of Poole. John Hare master of the Fly acted cruelly in that he promised to help the man in exchange for a topsail and hostages. Edward Fitzgerald went over to the French vessel as hostage, and Hare received the topsail. However, while towing the French vessel, Hare cast her adrift, leaving Fitzgerald behind on the French brig. Hare's behaviour is described as "an Act of Cruelty and Injustice, besides bringing a reflection on the want of humanity in the British Nation..." Orders him to bring the top sail to St. Johns harbour.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 251-252)

174

10 Oct. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

John Bowers, St. Johns

Bowers is granted permission to build a chimney, but "on no account whatever to make any other alteration to your house." He must show the High Sheriff this letter so he can examine the house before work begins.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 253)

175

10 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

JPs,  Harbour Grace

William Lokier worked all summer for Mr. Danson but now has no employ by which to support his wife and ten children during the winter season. They are to provide Lokier with relief money out of the licences granted to public houses in the district(See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 254)

175

10 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

 

Public Notice: They are to alert the inhabitants that he will send them a public message concerning the state of the Church. They are to attend at the court house tomorrow.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 255)

176-177

11 Oct. 1792

Gov. King, Fort Townshend

 

"Message from the Governor": the dissenting church and the Roman church are both in very good condition, but the established church is in ruin to the point where those "actuated by Religious Principles might at the hazard of their Lives attend Divine Service in the Church." Inhabitants may use the court house as a place of worship for the coming winter coming but he urges them to come forward and help build or repair the old church.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 256-257)

178-179

12 Oct. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

 

Peter LeBriton, surgeon, of Harbour Grace petitioned Capt Moore, HM Sloop Bonetta, that he lost his property to fire in 1788 and now wishes to take possession of a piece of land on which to build a house. Moore confirmed that the land was suitable. Governor grants permission.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 258-259)

179

13 Oct. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

James Hayes

King grants permission to repair but not to enlarge his house.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 260)

180

15 Oct. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

John Dambrill

King grants permission to repair but not to enlarge his house.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 261)

180

16 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

Capt Minet, Commandant.

Minet has permission to grant Lieut Horndon (King's Own Regiment) six months' leave of absence.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 262)

181

16 Oct. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

Justices, all districts.

They are instructed to send the governor lists of each person with a shop or public house, and their boat (as they must have at least one boat operating in the fishery). Towards this end, boats are to be iedentified with the owner's name and a number.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 263)

182

17 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

 

Order: Lieut Horndon has permission to go to England on leave.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 264)

183

18 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

 

Appointed John Broom, Jr., Justice of the peace and "custos" ["Custos Rotulorums" or Keeper of Records], ] for the district of St. Mary's in place of William Spurrier who asked to resign.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 265)

184-185

18 Oct. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

Dewes Coke

Coke has permission to repair several buildings in St. John's, but not enlarge them. Coke must show this letter to the High Sheriff so that he can inspect the houses before repairs begin. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 266)

185

20 Oct. 1792

Gov King

 

Appointed James Oakley JP for the district of Placentia. Also John Evans "Clerk" [Cleric] is to be JP and "custos" for the said district.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 267)

184

20 Oct. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

John Lees, Barrack Master

He is to take charge of all Furniture belonging to the Governor's House in Fort Townshend until it is needed in the spring by the governor. Fires are to be maintained in the rooms to prevent damage.    (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 268)

185

22 Oct. 1792

W.I. Eppes

Gov. King

Requests permission to build a road to Portugal Cove, as a committee is ready and willing to do so.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 269)

185

22 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

W.I. Eppes, Merchant

Governor indicates he has no problem with the road being built, but requests the names of those in the committee, as well as the "other inhabitants who have entered into a subscription at present for this purpose."  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 270)

186

24 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

 

Order: Tomorrow is the anniversary of the King's accession tot he throne. The garrison is to solemnize the event in the usual manner.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 271)

186

24 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

William Lilly, JP, Harbour Grace

Responding to his letter of the 9th: "I can only reply that the fees and Amerciaments [punishments; we read this as fines] are to be paid into the supreme court according the Act of Parliament, respecting which the Chief Justice has informed me he has written to the justices of the different districts."  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 272)

187

24 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

JPs, all districts

Circular: lists of all inhabitants who reside in Newfoundland through the winter are to be be prepared for next spring. They are to indicate whether they are catholic or protestant and the number of births, marriages, and burials during the winter.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 273)

187-188

24 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

Isaac Follett, Trepassey

He is to submit an account of all fines levied by him during the time he was JP for the district of Trepassey, particularly the fine of £100 for Thompson's servants and the £70 which was subscribed towards building a gaol.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 274)

188-189

24 Oct. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

Jonah Newell, JP, Trinity

Acknowledges Newell's letter of 10 Oct; the account given by Mr. Hare, master of the Fly does not match that of Mr. Fitzgerald, who assures as a truth that the weather was moderate. Also with regard to dieters, no person who is a nuisance is to stay on the Island.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 275-276)

189-190

25 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

Robert Carter, JP, Ferryland

Thanks Carter for the registers and his observations of the fishery based on his long experience in this country. Adds that if he wishes to apply for a pension, the governor will promote his request while in England.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 277)

190-191

25 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

Francis Bradshaw, JP, Trepassey

Rioters from Trepassey were tried yesterday but acquitted for lack of evidence. They shall be watched carefully and if they cause any disturbance this winter, James McLaughlin was viewed as a ringleader and warned that measures will be taken to prevent him and other rioters from escaping. This should ensure tranquility this winter. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 278-279)

191

25 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

JPs, St. Johns

They are to send him an account of the receipts and expenditures of fines levied in the court of session to the current date.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 280)

192

27 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

 

Gives Michael Little permission to repair a dwelling house in Quidi Vidi occupied by James Dickens.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 281)

192

27 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

 

Appoints Rev Samuel Cole to be JP and Keeper of the Rolls for the district of Bay Bulls, also for the district of Ferryland.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 282)

192-193

27 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

William Lilly, JP, Harbour Grace

He is ordered to release the fine levied on Mr Thistle of Harbour Grace, as per a letter sent by Aaron Graham for Gov. Milbanke which Mr. Buchanan showed to Gov. King.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 283)

193-194

27 Oct. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

Henry Phillips, High Sheriff.

The supreme court held at Ferryland on 10 Oct convicted John Rogers of accidently killing Robert Blaney by firing a gun. Rogers was granted bail in order to sue for pardon. Gov. King grants him free pardon for the crime. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 284)

194-195 27 Oct 1792 Charles Brewer for Gov. King Henry Phillips, High Sheriff The supreme court held at Ferryland on 10 Oct convicted Joseph Avent of accidentally killing William Kinkston by throwing a stone. Avent was granted bail in order to sue for pardon. Gov. King grants him free pardon for the crime. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 285

195-196

27 Oct. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

 

The room in Fort William used as a surgery in the past by Jonathan Ogden, Surgeon, has been taken over by the Clerk of the Works. Ogden therefore is given permission to build a room adjacent to his living quarters at his own expense   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 286)

196

28 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

Capt Minet, Commandant

Gov. King departs tomorrow for England; command of the garrison and troops devolves to Capt. Minet. King provides him with the private signals for ships coming into St. Johns harbour. If Minet needs to get in touch with King, he should do so through Evan Nepean at the Sec. of State's office. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 287

197

28 Oct. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

 

Granting Elias Rowe, merchant, permission to construct a small building on land to be used by his winter crew to cut wood with which to repair his fishing room, and to maintain a plot of about 5 acres to grow potatoes.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, pp. 288-289)

198

29 Oct. 1792

Gov. King

JPs, district of St. Johns

Directs them to permit the court house to be used for divine services during the winter months because the church is in such a poor state of repair.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 290)

199

29 Oct. 1792

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

 

Gives Capt Skinner, Chief Engineer, permission to enclose and cultivate a piece of land near Quidi Vidi pond.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 4, p. 291)

200

8 Oct. 1793

17 named merchants of St. Johns

Gov. King

They indicate that about forty vessels, including those expected from the outports, will be ready between 20 and 25 Oct to proceed to Spain, Portugal, and the Mediterranean with fish; they ask King to arrange convoy for them.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 1)

201

8 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

The merchants of St. Johns

Confirms that he will order a proper convoy for ships carrying fish to southern Europe. He asks them to pass thi sinformation on to merchants in the outports. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 2)

201-202 8 Oct 1793 Gov. King   King gives notice that a convoy will depart 25 Oct with trade for S. Europe, and another on 20 Nov. for any remaining trade that arrives by then in St. John's.(See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 3)

202

8 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

John Brown, Surrogate at Placentia

He is to pass the above notice to the merchants of Placentia and adjacent outports. "NB: The above Notice was sent to all the Out Ports." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 3)

202-204

10 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

Maj Thorne, Commandant, St. Pierre

Response to Thorne's letter of 9 Aug concerning state of defences at St. Pierre and intelligence of "the Force the French had on the coast of America" which King received when he arrived in St. John's on 4 Oct. Explains to Thorne that, owing to the weakness of the St. John's garrison, he cannot send reinforcements to St. Pierre, but that the season is late and Adm Gardner's squadron on the American coast makes an attack by the French unlikely. Nor can he provide coal from St. Johns. However, he has directed John Meaghor, master of the schooner Mariam (65 tons) to bring coal from Sydney cove, Spanish River to St. Pierre. As for wood, "I trust you will be able to procure it as the French have always done from the adjacent coast of Newfoundland" There are shallops at St. Pierre which Capt. Morris, HMS Boston, will outfit once he's there for wood cutting duties. Placentia armed sloop is available for dispatches and a frigate & sloop will stay on the coast until they depart with trade on 20 Nov. King sails for England on 31 Oct. He'll appoint a deputy Customs Collector & dep. Naval Officer for St. Pierre to collect revenues & dues. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 4-7)

205

10 Oct. 1793

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

Lieut. John Tucker, Armed Sloop, Placentia

He is to take Ensign Faunce of the King's Own Regiment, and the collector of the customs, aboard his vessel and proceed to St. Pierre to deliver a letter, and wait for any returning correspondence. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 8)

206

10 Oct. 1793

Thomas Skinner, Chief Engineer

Gov. King

Acting on Capt. Minet's orders, he has raised a corps of Royal Newfoundland Volunteers for the defense of the Island consisting of four companies. Seeks governor's approval.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 9)

206-207

11 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

Thomas Skinner, Chief Engineer

Approves of the four companies Skinner has raised. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 10)

207-208

11 Oct. 1793

Jonathan Ogden, Geo: Williams, Arch Buchanan

Gov. King

Licenses for public houses have expired; ask the governor whether he has any additional instructions regarding public house permits. They point out that many people have too easy access to liquor, which is often sold clandestinely, and are breaking laws. This is difficult to enforce because no one wants to be an informer.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 11-12)

209

11 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

JPs of St. Johns

Reassuring response to the JPs of St. John's; welcomes any advice on how to handle the behaviour of the people living in St. Johns. Furthermore, depends on the magistrates to provide him with a means of solving the problem (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 13-14)

210-11

11 Oct. 1793

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

John Brown, Placentia

Brown is to serve as Surrogate in Placentia, as per Judicature Act of 1793. NB: that same day, King appointed the following as surrogates: John Clinch, Trinity, Charles Garland, Conception Bay, Robert Carter, Ferryland, Isaac Follett, Trepassey. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 15-17)

212

11 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

 

Appoints list of names people to be Justices of the Peace for different districts of Newfoundland. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 18)

213

11 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

John Brown, Placentia

Appointing John Brown his surrogate, as per an act passed this year, which differs slightly from the terms of the act passed last year. Much the same letter was sent to all the other surrogates) (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 19)

214

11 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

Lieut.Gov. Wentworth

"I had the honor to receive the several letters of Intelligence from you and Captain George dated in August last, to which I find Captain Drury and Captain Morris replied in my absence." King adds that he has information that part of a squadron under Admiral Gardner is on the coast of America. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p.20)

214-215

12 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

Capt Skinner, Chief Engineer

("Entered previously": same as previous letter regarding approval of the 4 corps of volunteers)   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 21)

215

12 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

Capt Charlton, Commandant Royal Artillery

Gives him permission to grant David Brown, surgeons mate of the 4th or King's Own Regiment, two months leave of absence. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 22)

216

16 Oct. 1793

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

Marmaduke Hart, William I. Eppes

Both men are given permission to be "Vendue Masters" on the Island of Newfoundland. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 23)

217

17 Oct. 1793

Thomas Skinner

Gov. King

The roofs of the ordnance and provision stores at Placentia need repair; if not done, the provisions & ordnance stores there will perish. Job would require 20,000 shingles & and 40,000 shingle nails. Requests King's advice on how to proceed. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 24)

217

18 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

Captain Skinner

Tells Captain Skinner that "it is proper" in the matter of repairs at Placentia that he comply with the orders he has been given by Board of Ordnance.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 25)

218

17 Oct. 1793

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

Surrogates for the Districts of Newfoundland

They are to comply with the act of the 33rd year of His Majesty's reign, and to report to him on any "causes" [cases] they have heard over the winter when he returns. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 26)

219

17 Oct. 1793

Charles Brewer for Gov. King

 

A property belonging to Mr. Lionel Chancey of Harbour Grace was "thrown down" and dismantled on 27-28 May; Chancey would like to develop another piece of land. Capt. Moore, HM Sloop Bonetta, having viewed the land, King grants him permission to take and develop it for a house and a garden. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 27-28)

220

18 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

 

Garrison Order: a court martial will sit this morning at the presidents quarters to try all prisoners. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 29)

220

18 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

Robert Bollard, Ordnance Storekeeper

Bollard is not to supply any warships with iron ordnance except in situations of particular necessity. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 30)

221

19 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

 

Garrison Order: yesterday's court Martial which tried Corp. James Prescott of the 4th or King's Own Regiment is dissolved, the sentence approved. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 31)

221

19 Oct. 1793

John Clinch

Gov. King

He thanks King for appointing him a surrogate for the district of Trinity. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 32)

222

24 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

 

Garrison Order: the anniversary of the King's accession to the throne is tomorrow and will be celebrated by the garrison in the usual manner." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 33)

222

29 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

 

Appointing Richard Raggett, commander, HM Sloop Pluto and James Thresher commander, HM Sloop Lutin to be King's "Supreme Surrogates"; all other surrogates will give them "place and preeminence".  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 34)

222 28 Oct 1793 Gov. King   Richard Ragget is appointed JP at "the several Bays and Harbours he may occasionally resort to." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 35)

223

29 Oct. 1793

Gov. King

Capt Charleton Commandant, Royal Artillery

King gives John Lees (Barrack Master) permission to travel to England for his health. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 36)

Page 224 is blank

225-231

14 June. 1794

Duke of Yorke

James Wallace

This is the appointment of James Wallace, replacing Richard King, as governor over Newfoundland and islands adjacent, including St. Pierre and Miquelon. This includes a description of his duties and responsibilities as governor. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 37-46)

232

16 Aug. 1794

Gov. James Wallace

Richard Routh (Customs Collector)

Routh is appointed to collect sixpence a month out of the wages of seamen employed in merchant service, for the use of the Greenwich hospital. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 47-48)

233

16 Aug. 1794

 

 

Garrison Order: assigning rooms in the barracks for the use of the chief engineer. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 49)

233-234

19 Aug. 1794

Gov. Wallace

 

General Order: Instructing other ships at sea or in Sydney harbour not to press men out of the ship Jane of Greenock (200 tons), John Gammell, master; it is there to collect coal for the garrison. (Provides a list of the crew with their age, height, & description) (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 50-52)

234

20 Aug. 1794

Gov. Wallace, Monarch, St. John's

Charles Wemyss, Sloop Bonetta

St. Pierre and Miquelon have been captured and annexed to Wallace's administration; they are to be regarded in all respects the same as any other Newfoundland harbour and their fisheries encouraged. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 53)

235

20 Aug. 1794

Gov. Wallace

 

Proclamation: No one is to destroy or injure any fishing gear or flakes in St. Pierre and Miquelon. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 54)

235-236

20 Aug. 1794

17 named merchants of St. Johns

Gov. Wallace

A petition: since insurance is high for unprotected vessels dailing in wartime, they request convoy protection for their trade sailing on 20 Sept for Spain & Portugal. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 55-56)

236-237

20 Aug. 1794

Gov. Wallace

Jonathan Ogden, JP, St. Johns

Ogden is to continue acting as Justice of Peace for St. Johns. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 57)

237-238

20 Aug. 1794

Gov. Wallace

 

Similar orders, same date, are given to JPs (named) for the various districts of Newfoundland. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 58)

238-239

20 Aug. 1794

Gov. Wallace

Charles Garland, Surrogate for Conception Bay

He is to continue acting as surrogate for Conception Bay. [Identical letters were sent to other surrogates] (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 59-60)

239-240

20 Aug. 1794

Gov. Wallace

Theophilus Jones, HMS Andromache

He is appointed Supreme Surrogate court judge, and directed to travel to the different surrogate courts. "Same appointments given to Captain Wemyss, Bonetta and Captain Crofton, Lutin.” (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 61-62, 67)

241

21 Aug. 1794

 

The officer of the guard

Garrison Order: court martial to assemble today for the trial of such prisoners as shall be brought before it. President: Captain Minet. Members: Captain T. Skinner, Ensign Varlo."  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 68)

241

20 Aug. 1794

 

 

Gov. King's appointment of [Marmaduke] Hart and [William I.] Eppes as vendue masters is confirmed.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 69)

241-242

20 Aug. 1794

Gov. Wallace

Principal Officers of the customs

[pp. 240-241 are repeated before p. 243 appears] They are ordered not to allow any foreign ships through customs until they have first gone to Government House to present to the givernor why they are there and what they are carrying. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 77)

242

20 Aug. 1794

Custom House

Gov. Wallace

They will comply with Wallace's orders regarding foreign ships arriving in port; they note that there are in fact three ships in the harbour who they have not yet sent to government house, as they just received his orders that morning. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 78)

242 22 Aug 1794 Hector Maclean, Capt., RNSR   Return of a detachment of the Royal Nova Scotia Reg't embarked at Halifax for Nfld (50 officers & men plus 3 members of a recruiting party as well as 16 women & 27 children on two vessels).

243-244

29 Aug. 1794

Merchants and Traders of St. Johns (37 names)

Gov. Wallace

They are alarmed to learn that the governor is sending the soldiers of the garrison (4th or King's Own Reg't) to Canada and Nova Scotia. Urges governor not to do so as they are more likely to be attacked if the Island lacks protection. They view Nfld as being "of more importance to His Majesty, than any other possession in North America".  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 79-81)

244-245

20 Aug. 1794

Rear Adm George Murray, HMS Resolution, Halifax

Gov. Wallace

Asking the governor for his military help if they have any troubles with the French, and they will do the same for Newfoundland. They intercepted an American convoy of ships with provisions and protected by 2 French frigates off the Delaware River; they stopped 14 but the frigates escaped. Prince Edward asks that the 2 companies of the 4th Regt at St. John's be relieved by two companies of the Royal Nova Scotia Reg't. Gov. Wentworth also wishes to send recruiting parties to Newfoundland. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 65-66)

245-246

22 Aug. 1794

Gov. John Wentworth, Halifax

Gov. Wallace

Has sent the brigantine Mary to complete the removal of all French inhabitants from St. Pierre and Miquelon & the islands occupied as temporary fishing posts. They should be taken to Guernsey. Instructs governor to send the requested companies of the 4th Reg't in the Earl of Moira to St. Pierre, join the detachment of the 4th Reg't already there and then proceed Quebec. Requests permission to send recruiting parties to Newfoundland to complete the RNS Reg't. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 70-71)

247

23 Aug. 1794

Prince Edward, Maj. Gen., Commander, HM forces in Nova Scotia

Gov. Wallace

Requesting that two companies of the 4th Reg't be sent to St. Pierre where they can join the five companies of the 4th Reg't already there and proceed to Quebec as relief for the soldiers stationed there. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 75-76)

248

31 Aug. 1794

Gov. Wallace

Rear Adm Murray, Halifax

"Fisheries this season have been very abundant" which will require large convoys, so he hopes Murray won't need any of his ships. They only have 120 men and they need to protect the fishery, and trade. This number is not sufficient to protect the stores  at the various batteries, let alone defend them. Complains that Prince Edward has already weakened the garrison, now he proposes replacing what's left with untrained men. "we were [already] much too weak, how can I with propriety make it weaker?" Disregarding the differences in quality, he will only send to Nova Scotia the same number of men as he receives from there. He urges Murray to explain the situation to the Prince. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 82-83)

249

1 Sept. 1794

Gov. Wallace

Lt Gov. Wentworth, Nova Scotia

A response to Wentworth's despatch of 22 August; Wallace would be happy to send the men requested "at a proper time, when it won't interrupt the Fisheries." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 84)

249-250

1 Sept. 1794

Gov. Wallace

Prince Edward

Has received his letter that he is sending a brig to take soldiers from Newfoundland. Emphasizes the Importance of the Fisheries, and Commerce of Newfoundland". Points out that he is being asked to take "one New raised Weak Company to supply the Place of three old well disciplined Companies". What he had when he arrived was not sufficient to the needs of the defence of Nfld; would like therefore to send the same number of men to Halifax as he will receive in untrained men. E. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 85-86)

251

11 Sept. 1794

John Dingle, JP, Bay Bulls

Gov. Wallace

Dingle communicates information about deserting naval seamen and mariners by way of William Armstrong, the deputy sheriff for Dingle's district. Dingle recommends Armstrong to the governor that Armstrong as a reliable source of information. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 93-94)

252

18 Sept. 1794

Gov. Wallace

John Dingle, JP, Bay Bulls

Approves of his intentions to detain seafaring deserters and have them sent to St. Johns. Several men have deserted from the Monarch and Dingle is to be on the watch for them.  "P.S: The straggling money will be allowed." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 95)

252-254

22 Aug. 1794

John Dingle

Gov. Wallace

Dingle welcomes Wallace's appointment and arrival; assures him that he will continue to serve judicially despite changes in the legal structure. Points out the lack of a gaol in his district. Desertion developing as a problem; points out measures taken by Gov. Montagu in previous war, including stationing a small armed vessel on the coast, and (under Gov. Edwards) the adoption of passes to identify any straggling mariners. Seeks Wallace's approval to arrest and detain deserters of vessels in the Bay Bulls district. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 72-74)

254-255

5 Sept. 1794

Isaac Follett

Gov. Wallace

Transmits to the governor a list of all the cases heard and tried by the surrogate court of Trepassey, as per former Gov. King's directions.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 87)

255-256

20 Aug. 1794

Robert Carter

Gov. Wallace

Submits a copy of the records of the Surrogate Court for Ferryland with an account of all fines & forfeitures. Provides Wallace with list of all ships employed in the shore fishery, the names of the employers, and their servants for 1793. Bank fishery is very good. All this per Gov. King's orders. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 63-64)

256

10 Sept. 1794

Gov. Wallace

JPs, district of Ferryland

"All magistrates will exert themselves to discover all deserters from his majesty's ships, and for which straggling money will be allowed (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 96)

256-257

10 Sept. 1794

Gov. Wallace

Merchants of Ferryland

Informs them that the convoy is ready to sail with ships travelling to Europe. "Same as before sent to the under mentioned places... Cape Broyle, Capelin Bay, Fermeuse, Renewse." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 97-98)

257

 

Charles Wemyss (Temple Bay)

 

Provides a summary of fortifications, ordnance, and ammunition at Temple Bay. These are the only fortifications on the Labrador coast. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 99)

258

2 Sept 1794

 Noble Pinson & Sons

Gov. Wallace

Petition: The sloop Bonetta will leave soon the Labrador coast, leaving the coast of Labrador unguarded. 19 Vessels will have cargoes of Cod and Salmon but won’t be ready until mid October. 10 Vessels are the property of Noble, Pinson and Sons. They want Bonetta to stay in Temple Bay and escort the trade when the time comes. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 88)

258

20 Sept. 1794

 

 

Garrison Order: to the anniversary of the King's coronation in the usual manner. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 102)

259

20 Sept. 1794

Noble Pinson & Sons

Gov. Wallace

Noble Pinson & Sons submit the petition (above, p. 258); the sloop Bonetta sailed from the Labrador coast on 3 Sept. They request a warship as convoy to escort the trade, once it is loaded, to St. John's. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 100-101)

261-262

August 1794

Daniel Gahan, Royal Artillery

Gov. Wallace

A list of 70 names of those volunteering for the defence of the Placentia harbour (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 89-90)

262-263 10 Sept 1794 Capt. Richard Raggett, HM Sloop Pluto, St. Pierre William Evans Maj. Peregrine Thorne, commandant, "St. Peter's" [St. Pierre] granted the property (fishing rooms, houses, etc) previously owned by Messrs Delabrass Sullevin & du Pangue when the islands were French, to Roope Harris Roope of Dartmouth so long as the HM troops occupy the island. Raggett authorizes continued possession of the property now that the 4th Reg't is being evacuated, until Gov. Wallace's "pleasure ... be known". (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 91) Raggett made two similar grants, both dated 10 Sept, of former French property to Saunders & Sweetman of Placentia, and to William Colborne. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 92)

263

20 Aug. 1794

Robert Bollard, Storekeeper, Placentia

Gov. Wallace

Submits an account of all remaining ammunition, small arms, etc. at the fort in Placentia. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 103)

264-265

 

-

6 Sept. 1794

Ambrose Crofton, Lutin

Gov. Wallace

Arrived yesterday after parting with Trepassey, Lt. Kivern, near Baccalieu Island. Kivern will inform people north of Trinity that a surrogate's court would be held in Trinity in a few days. Crofton will refit his vessel which suffered some damage en route while he is at Trinity. Recruits for the navy are scarce here. The merchants in Trinity dispatched their vessels to Spain and Portugal without a convoy. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 104-105)

265-266

20 Sept. 1794

Capt. Skinner

Gov. Wallace

Desires approval of the corps of volunteers that he raised for the defence of Nfld. He requested approval from the King's ministers and compensation for his expenses, but as yet there is no conformation that his measures have been approved.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 106-107)

266

25 Sept. 1794

Gov. Wallace

Capt Skinner

Wallace agrees that Nfld is defenceless, and approves of his initiative. Lets Skinner know that the King's ministers have sent clothing and rations for the volunteers.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 108)

267

25 Sept. 1794

D'ewes Coke, Chief Justice

Gov. Wallace

In compliance with an act of Parliament, he has requested full details from all magistrates about cases that came before them.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 109)

267

26 Sept. 1794

Gov. Wallace

D'ewes Coke

Wallace acknowledges Coke's letter, informing the governor of his requests to the magistrates for information. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 110)

268

30 Sept. 1794

Gov. Wallace

 

Gives Licence to Elizabeth Sutton of Trepassey (Widow) to keep " Common Ale House or Victualling House" and to sell victuals, beer, ale, cider, and other excisable liquors for one year, so long as she does not provide any to men of war, or during improper times or seasons.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 111)

269

5. Oct. 1794

Gov. Wallace

Officers of the Ordnance

Submits to them the memorial of Jonathon Bulger and strong recommendation from Capt. Skinner; if they support the request, they are to allow Bulger double the allowance of an artificer.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 112)

269

6 Oct. 1794

Robert Bollard, William Humphrey

T.R. Charleton (Artillery), Capt Skinner (Engineers), Gov. Wallace

They agree that Bulger should receive double the artificers' fuel allowance.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 113)

270

6 Oct. 1794

Jonathan Hill Secretary to Gov. Wallace

Robert Carter, JP, Ferryland

Acknowledges Carter's letter of 20 August and the "harmony and good order" maintained in Ferryland.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 114)

270

 6 Oct 1794

Henry Phillips, High Sheriff

 

List of Prisoners in confinement at the gaol in St. John's: John Coady, committed forgery, sentenced to death.

270-271

6 Oct. 1794

Gov. Wallace

William I. Eppes, Commissary of Provisions

Rev. Evans, the garrison chaplain at Placentia, complained that he was not receiving provisions for his wife. Governor orders Eppes to give proper rations for now and the future. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 115)

271

9 Oct. 1794

J. Hill for Gov. Wallace

 

James Sutton of Trepassey, son of Elizabeth Sutton, widow, is granted permission to develop 100 acres for a garden which his late father had begun to cultivate.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 116)

272

9 Oct. 1794

J. Hill (Secretary to Gov Wallace)

Isaac Follett, JP, Trepassey

Has received his report of 5 Sept. concerning the surrogate court and acknowledges the complaint of misconduct of Justice Bradshaw; Wallace declines to confirm Bradshaw's commission. Follett is also directed to protect Elizabeth Sutton of Trepassey, whose late husband had permission to clear land at St. Shott's for haying, only to have the agent of a Trepassey firm come and cut it. The case came before Capt. Jones, the Supreme Surrogate, but following Jones' departure, the agent has refused to comply with the decision against him.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 117)

273

6 Oct. 1794

Robert Carter, Ferryland

Gov. Wallace

Recomends that Wallace introduce a 10 shilling payment for every man who is staying over the winter; this will provide a fund to pay the gaoler's salary and make repairs to the court house even as it also discourages people from staying the winter. It's not a tax on the fishery so no one can complain.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 118)

273-275

11 Oct. 1794

Hector Maclean

Gov. Wallace

Maclean has been accused of recruiting for the Nova Scotia regiment before he was supposed to. He assures Wallace that he carefully avoided recruiting men needed by the fishery or by the corps of volunteers, etc.. Fears that he will be blamed and that this misunderstanding will cost him money.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 119-121)

275-276

11 Oct. 1794

Gov. Wallace

Capt. Maclean

Explains that he was very careful to make clear that, while he supported recruiting efforts, he could not afford to lose any men at the moment, as the fishery is not yet over. His primary objective is to protect the fishery.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 122)

276-277

2 Oct. 1794

Prince Edward, Major General

Gov. Wallace

Response to Wallace's letter of 1 Sept., which he received on 24 Sept. Acknowledges Wallace's concern and indicates that he is sending 2 Lieu, 1 Drum, and 30 Rank and File to relieve Captain Minet's weak company. Mentions Capt. Maclean's recruiting targets and efforts; Maclean is to send no recruits to Nova Scotia until his company numbers 100 men. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 123)

277-278

12 Oct. 1794

Gov. Wallace

Prince Edward, Major General

Although he has no directions from the King to do so he will consent to sending three companies to receive in lieu one and half of a new raised regiment.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 124)

278-279

10 Oct. 1794

J. Hill for Gov. Wallace

Robert Bollard, Barrack Master

Directed to take charge and care for the furniture belonging to the governor until it is needed next spring. Keep the rooms heated; Capt. Crofton is to reside there until he leaves.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 125)

279

19 Oct. 1794

Jonathan Hill (Secretary)

Dewes Coke, Chief Justice

The following men no longer have authority to act as Justices of the peace: Robert Holden, William Lilly, Francis Bradshaw. P.S: "The governor has thought proper likewise to withdraw Gov. King's commission to Isaac Follett by which he was authorized to act as surrogate for the district of Trepassey."   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 126)

280

19 Oct. 1794

Jonathan Hill (Secretary)

Capt Charleton

Gov. Wallace orders him to determine each day how many men are present during the exercising of the volunteer corps, as no rations will be allowed for men who do not appear.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 127)

280

19 Oct. 1794

Gov. Wallace

William I. Eppes, Commissary

Volunteers to receive rations when on duty, none when they are not; he is therefore ordered to issue the volunteers two rations a week   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 128)

281

19 Oct. 1994

Gov. Wallace

 

Garrison Order: no officers from "Foreign Parts" are to recruit men in the Island of Newfoundland without the consent of the commanding officer.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 129)

281-282

21 Oct. 1794

Gov. Wallace

Capt Charleton Commandant, Royal Artillery

Gov soon leaves for Europe; command will devolve upon Charleton. Wallace gives him instructions for the Winter, including private signals.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 130)

282

28 Oct. 1794

Gov. Wallace

 

Allowing Captain Maclean, now on duty in the garrison, to use the garden plots previously used by the 4th Reg't for his regiment.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 134)

283-285

20 Oct. 1794

D'ewes Coke, Chief Justice

Gov. Wallace

Expresses the great debt imposed on his district by judicial costs and the likelihood that it will only grow. Judicial processes may come to a halt if local people cannot afford the costs of prosecution. Local license fees fall well short of judicial expenses. Explains past practices which did not generate such a financial burden. Desires a solution.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 131-133)

285-286

21 Oct. 1794

Gov. Wallace

D'ewes Coke, Chief Justice

Will address the issue of the mounting debt in his district to the secretary of state.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 135)

286

22 Oct. 1794

Jon Ogden, George Williams, Arch. Buchanan, R. Routh

Gov. Wallace

Pointing out that former Gov. King allowed William Easton clerk of the peace to be paid ten guinea per year for his trouble in collecting the number of inhabitants, making a return of the fences, and copying proclamation letters. Recommends that this again be done.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 136)

287

22 Oct. 1794

Gov. Wallace

JPs, St. Johns

No objection to paying Mr. William Easton the same amount as in previous years.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 137)

287-288

22 Oct. 1794

Justices of Peace, St. Johns

Gov. Wallace

JP's seek help from the Majesty's ministers for their judicial costs, such as maintaining prisoners and prosecuting felons; they need more funds, as there is an accumulating debt. Current revenues from fines, licenses etc only amount to about a quarter of the total costs. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 138-139)

289

22 Oct. 1794

Gov. Wallace

JPs of St. Johns

Will do what he can to address the issue to the secretary of state.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 140)

290-291

23 Oct. 1794

JPs, St. Johns

Gov. Wallace

Many inhabitants have applied for a licence to sell liquor in smaller amounts (less than 5 gallons) than is allowed by a public house; they do not have a problem with it. Looking for the governors approval. The new taxes put on those people can help pay the debt.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 141-142)

291

23 Oct. 1794

Gov. Wallace

JPs of St. Johns

Governor is limited in what he can do but will lay the proposal before the minister.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 143)

292

24 Oct. 1794

Gov. Wallace

 

Thomas Skinner and Ambrose Crofton are appointed Justice of the Peace. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 144)

292

25 Oct. 1794

Gov. Wallace

William I. Eppes, Commissary

He is to deliver the same rations to the Quiddy Viddy volunteer company as to other volunteer companies.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 145)

293

26 Oct. 1794

J. Hill for Gov. Wallace

Henry Phillips, High Sherriff

Houses and enclosures built in contravention of regulations or deemed unsafe, including the enclosures of Mess. Cormick and MacCurdy, are to be demolished.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 146)

294

25 Oct. 1794

Gov. Wallace, Monarch, St. John's

Dewes Coke, Chief Justice

Wallace will land tomorrow; Coke is to meet him "with the Constables and the whole force of the Civil Power." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 147)

294-295 28 Oct 1794 Capt. J.N. Morris, Boston, St. John's Rear Adm Wallace Capt. Morris describes the circumstances relating to the murder of Richard Lawry, Second Lieut in Boston., on 25 Oct, while trying to press seamen in St. John's. Boston was under-strength so Morris resorted to impressment when volunteers failed to come forward. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 148-149)

296

29 Oct. 1794

D'Ewes Coke, Ch. Justice with a Petition from 23 (named) members of a grand jury

Gov. Wallace

"I lose no time in transmitting to you the inclosed letter addressed to me from the grand jury which I beg leave to submit to your consideration." The petition makes reference to the "riot" in which Lt. Lawry was murdered and the "disquiet and alarm experienced by the inhabitants". Trials of the accused are proceeding, but if Gov. Wallace departs for England, the proceedings will be interrupted until next year. They therefore ask the governor to stay a few extra days and help restore calm. The garrison is too small to supporess a riot should there be an attempt to rescue the accused.    (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 150-152)

298

30 Oct. 1794

D'Ewes Coke

Gov. Wallace

"sundry of the Persons concerned in the late Tumult and Riot" have been arrested; Garrett Farnell and Richard Power have been tried for the murder of Lieut. Richard Lawry and found guilty; sentenced to death.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 153)

299-300

30 Oct. 1794

J. Hill for Gov. Wallace

 

Authorization of the execution of Garrett Farnell and Richard Power   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 154)

301

29 Oct. 1794

J. Hill for Gov. Wallace

 

A reward of £50 is offered to anyone who can help apprehend William Burrows who is seen as causing the riot which led to the murder of Richard Lawry    (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 155)

302       

30 Oct. 1794

J. Hill for Gov. Wallace

 

Pardon is offered to any man not directly involve in the crime who can reveal who the principals of the riot were.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 156)

303 1 Nov 1794 J. Hill for Gov Wallace Henry Phillips, High Sheriff John Coady committed two acts of forgery (he forged bills of exchange, described here) and was sentenced to death. Wallace orders a respite [delay] of Coady's sentence. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 157)
Page 304 is blank; it marks the transition between 1794 and 1795

305

30 Apr. 1795

Gov. Wallace

The Duke of Portland

The King has ordered that 600 men be raised for military service in Newfoundland.  Gov. Wallace requests provisions and clothing for these men plus another 100 rations for women and children, because provisions in Nfld are scarce and buying them in St. John's "might distress the Inhabitants". (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 158)

305-306

7 May. 1795

Gov. Wallace

General DeLancey, Barrack Master General

Requests that sufficient bedding be made ready and available for 654 men.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 159)

306

9 May. 1795

Richard Taylor for the Barrack Master General

Gov. Wallace

Telling him that bedding will be sent out to Newfoundland for the men.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 160)

306-309

9 May. 1795

Duke of Portland

Rear Adm Wallace

[In 1794 Portland had become Home Secretary in the ministry of Pitt the Younger.] Portland responds to Wallace's despatch of 30 Nov. 1794. He tells Wallace that Newfoundland needs a stricter approach and fishing peoples should not be allowed to stay on the island. Approves amounts of fixed salaries for Chief Justice Coke and his clerk; fines and licenses ahould cover whatever else is needed, but application may be made for any deficit. Gives him recommendations on the poor state of Newfoundland.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 161-163)

309

12 May. 1795

Gov. Wallace

Henry Dundas

Given that a regiment of infantry is to be raised in Newfoundland, Wallace assumes that the volunteer corps is no longer needed. He therefore seeks instructions on what to do with the volunteer corps of Newfoundland.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 164)

309-310

13 May. 1795

Duke of Portland

Gov. Wallace

Telling the Governor that the volunteer corps may still exist and practice, but the word "volunteer" is literally meant, and no rations will be allowed if they are not doing duty.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 165)

310-312

22 May. 1795

George Rose, Treasury Chambers

Gov. Wallace

Salaries for Chief Justice and clerk are approved; payment for other costs of judicial proceedings must be paid from fines, and fees and public houses there; any deficiencies ensuing from criminal prosecutions may be covered by the Board  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 166-167)

314-315

16 July 1795

Gov. Wallace

William Todd & William Fogherty, Constables, district of Torbay.

Proclamation: Constables are to be on watch for deserters and will be rewarded for the apprehension of deserters. Also ordering all seamen who pass through the Island to have a passport from the governor.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 168-169)

314-316

16 July 1795

Gov. Wallace 

Chief Justice and other Magistrates

Proclamation: Same proclamation about deserters.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 170-171)

317-318

 

Thomas Skinner, "Colonel, Roy'l NF Reg't"

Gov. Wallace

[pp. 316-317 are repeated before p. 318 appears] A return of Barrack rooms and occupants in Fort William, 1795

318 27 July 1795 Maj. Thomas R. Charleton   Return of the number of rooms in the Officers' quarters & men's barracks, Fort William

319

29 July. 1795

Gov. Wallace

William Isham Eppes

Orders to issue proper rations for son of Rev. Evans, the garrison chaplain in Placentia   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 172)

319

2 Aug. 1795

Gov. Wallace

 

General Order: to carry out a survey today of the bedding shipped from England.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 173)

320

3 Aug. 1795

Gov. Wallace

 

General Order: garrison and Volunteers to parade 12 Aug for the Governor's inspection; all inhabitants capable of bearing arms are to be recorded.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 174)

320

4 Aug. 1795

Gov. Wallace

 

Garrison Order: Capt Gahan of the Royal Regiment is appointed Asst. Engineer.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 175)

321-322

5 Aug. 1795

J. Hill for Gov. Wallace

D'ewes Coke (To pass on to other magistrates)

Hill sends Coke a general order from the governor that, in the event of an enemy threat, all persons capable of bearing arms to come to the square to present themselves as they can be used if the enemy comes to Newfoundland.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 176-177)

322

10 Aug. 1795

Gov. Wallace

Capt. Richard Raggett, HM Sloop Pluto

Memo: the Church is in a ruined state. Wallace therefore directs Ragget, as Supreme Surrogate, to press inhabitants as well as share fishermen to contribute ("extend their bounty”) to its repair.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 178)

322-333

10 Aug. 1795

Gov. Wallace

Richard Raggett

He is to receive the taxes and fines of the inhabitants collected by the magistrates.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 179)

333

17 Aug. 1795

Gov. Wallace

 

General Orders: all men of the Royal Nova Scotia Regiment who are off duty are to parade for the King's Works at Fort William every morning till further notice. Lieut. Power is appointed overseer in the King's Works, & Ensign George Skinner to be lieutenant.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 180)

324

18 Aug. 1795

Gov. Wallace

 

General Orders: Two warships are expected here which do not have the private signals. The commander at Amherst Tower is to be careful how he responds to this; the Trepassey, armed cutter, is ordered to go out to reconnoitre them when they appear. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 181)

324-325

18 Aug. 1795

Gov. Wallace

Maj. Theodore Charleton, Commander Royal Artillery

Since some men from his command are in England at the moment, making his unit understrength,, he is to enlist men into his company.    (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 182)

325-326

20 Aug. 1795

Robert Bollard, Acting Barrack Master

Gov. Wallace

Bollard has been instructed by his superiors in England to report on the state of the defences without any indication of how he is to bring them to a proper state of repair. He therefore seeks Wallace's advice on how best to proceed, especially with regard to recruiting worker in St. John's.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 183-184)

326

21 Aug. 1795

Gov. Wallace

Robert Bollard

Assures him that his superiors did not intend to impede his work; tells him to proceed with whatever needs to be done to make the barracks ready to receive the new regiment to be raised in Nfld.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 185)

327

15 June. 1795

W. Windham (War Office)

Gov. Wallace

A regiment of Fencible Infantry will be raised under the command of Lieut Colonel Skinner of the Royal Engineers for Service "in Newfoundland or any of His Majesty's other Provinces in North America."   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 186)

328-331

25 April 1795

W. Windham (War Office)

Major Thomas Skinner

The King approves of his raising a regiment of Fencible Infantry for service in Newfoundland and other BNA provinces but not elsewhere. Windham provides careful details on the number and rank of officers and men, service conditions, etc.. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 187-191)

331

27 Aug. 1795

J.R. Charleton, Commander of Royal Artillery

Gov. Wallace

Recommending sending a brass three-pounder for the training of men in Placentia, as per a request from Captain Gahan.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 193)

332

27 Aug. 1795

Gov. Wallace

Robert Bollard, Store Keeper

Orders to send a three pounder to Placentia for training purposes.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 194)

332

27 Aug. 1795

Gov. Wallace

 

"A garrison court martial will be held tomorrow for the trial of all such prisoners as may be brought before you." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 195)

332-333

25 April 1795

W. Windham, War Office

Col. Thomas Skinner

Authorizes him to proceed with the recruitment of the Fencible Regiment.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 196)

334

31 Aug. 1795

Gov. Wallace

 

General Orders: notice that Col. Skinner to raise companies of men as per William Windham's directions.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 197)

334-335

4 Sept. 1795

Gov. Wallace

D'ewes Coke, Chief Justice

Secretaries of state have recommended that he pay the Chief Justice three hundred pounds and a clerk forty pounds a year. Other costs will come out of the fines, and fees.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 200)

335-336

5 Sept. 1795

H. Mowatt, Assistance

Gov. Wallace

Four American vessels with cargoes bound for France were brought into St. John's because of storm damage. He asks the governor to have the ships' cargoes inspected and anything too damaged for re-shipment then be sold. The sails of the vessels should be removed until the wishes of government can be learned concerning sending them to England.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 201)

336

5 Sept. 1795

Gov. Wallace

Customs Officers

They are to permit the request [i.e., Mowatt's request, above] to be put into execution(See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 202)

336-337

20 Aug. 1795

[Lord] Dorchester, Quebec

Gov. Wallace

 205,500 pounds of flour has been ordered from Canada to St. John's for the use of the regiment being raised there, as per orders of the Treasury Board. A shipment of 298 tierces and 633 barrels or 105 pounds over the limit has been shipped by Messrs. John Lees and Robert Lester in the brig Marquis.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 203)

337-338

12 Aug. 1795

Thomas Ainslie, Collector, Quebec

Gov. Wallace

Liverpool and other ports in Nova Scotia are permitted to import goods from the United States for their own use, but in fact they are re-exporting it. Wallace is to make sure all vessels carrying flour and biscuits etc. have the proper paperwork detailing where the goods came from, in order to stop this practice.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 204-205)

338-340

18 Aug. 1795

Prince Edward, Maj. Gen., Commander, NS

Gov. Wallace

More troops need to be recruited for Nova Scotia; asks Wallace to allow another company of men to be raised in Newfoundland by Lieut Fitzimmons, because it is there that he is expected to make the greatest effort, and requests Wallace's full support. He knows that a provincial corps is being raised in Newfoundland so he asks that the company of regulars stationed there be free for service in Nova Scotia as soon as they can be spared.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 206-207)

340

21 April 1795

R.M Crew, Ordnance Office

Gov. Wallace

Capt Skinner needs assistance in making plans and surveys of the ground belonging to the ordnance at Placentia; since the Officer of Artillery at Placentia is competent to do this, Wallace is to appoint him to that task.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 208)

340-341

8 Sept. 1795

Gov. Wallace

 

After Order: Lt Philip Van Cortland of the Royal NS Reg't is appointed Captain of a company in the Royal Newfoundland Regiment. Lt James of the RNSR will take over his position.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 209)

 341

9 Sept. 1795

Gov. Wallace

 

After Orders: "The morning and evening gun to be fir'd at the old battery until further orders."

341-342

9 Sept. 1795

D'ewes Coke

Gov. Wallace

He has received Wallace's letter of 4 Sept and sent word to the magistrates of St. Johns and the outports regarding the fines and salaries. (Includes a list of fines and fees.) The accounts of the Supreme Court are in readiness.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 210)

343

10 Sept. 1795

D'ewes Coke

Gov. Wallace

Some further questions for clarification concerning salaries and reimbursements. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 211-212)

344

12 Sept. 1795

Gov. Wallace

Prince Edward

Acknowledges the Prince's letter indicating that recruiting parties are coming to Newfoundland under Lt. Fitzimmons.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 213)

344

8 Sept. 1795

Thomas Skinner

Gov. Wallace

Explains that no "pease" have been sent to victual his regiment either from England or Quebec. Requests the order to purchase a sufficient amount.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 214)

345

14 Sept. 1795

Gov. Wallace

 

After Order: Lieutenant Hierlihy of the N.S regiment is appointed captain in Colonel Skinner's Royal Newfoundland Regiment.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 215)

345

17 Sept. 1795

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

Col. Skinner

The artillery officers find their duty very hard because the lieutenants of the Royal Nova Scotia Regiment have joined his regiment. The Governor therefore directs Skinner to appoint some of his lieutenants to share the duty of mounting guard. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 216)

345-346

17 Sept. 1795

Gov. Wallace

Lord Dorchester, Quebec

Acknowledges receipt of the flour delivered by the brig Marquis of Lorn for the Newfoundland Regiment. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 217)

346

17 Sept. 1795

Gov. Wallace

Thomas Ainslie, Customs Collector, Quebec

Concerning his of 12 Oct, respecting the contraband trade in flour carried on by Liverpool merchants, Wallace replies that "nothing has appear'd before me of that kind. " (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 218)

346-347

14 Sept. 1795

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

William Isham Eppes, Commissary

Directing him to purchase a sufficient quantity of peas for the regiment. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 219)

347

19 Sept. 1795

Thomas Skinner

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

Skinner cannot provide more officers for garrison duty because his officers are employed in recruiting.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 220)

347-348

19 Sept. 1795

Gov. Wallace

 

After Order: No man in the garrison is allowed more room than what his rank allows. (Provides a list defining the amount of space allowed) (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 221)

348

21 Sept. 1795

Gov. Wallace

Mr. McKie, Customs Collector

He is to post in the Customs building that a convoy will be made ready once there is a "respectable number" of merchant ships collected (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 222)

348

21 Sept. 1795

John Hall for the Admiral

 

The King's coronation is to be solemnized tomorrow in the usual way. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 223)

349

18 Sept. 1795

James Oakley, Placentia

Capt. Richard Raggett, HM Sloop Pluto

He submits an account of the money collected from the fines and fees for the years 1792 to 1794. He also points out that it is customary for justices to withhold an amount appropriate to cover their expenses. However, he is submitting the amount requested, trusting that the amount to which he is entitled will be returned to him.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 224)

349

18 Sept. 1795

J. Brown

 Supreme Surrogate of Placentia by Capt. Raggett, HM Sloop Pluto

He asks him to explain to the givernor that "I labour under of the Stone [kidney stones?] [which] renders me incapable of transacting the business of surrogate magistrate of this district"; he would like to resign as surrogate and magistrate (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 225)

350

10 Sept. 1795

John Evans

Capt. Richard Raggett, Pluto

Encloses an account of the money for Licenses, fees, and fines that he has received, together with related expenditures (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 226)

350

1 Aug. 1795

John Hall for Gov. Wallace, Romney, St. John's

William Isham Eppes

Ordering him to provide Simon Mills, labourer, with rations, as he had not received any. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 227)

351

29 Sept. 1795

John Hall for Adm Wallace

Hugh William Brown

Brown is to inform "your friends and the merchants at the different outports" that a convoy will sail once their ships are assembled in St. Johns (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 228)

351-352

22 Sept. 1795

James Downes, Placentia

 Gov. Wallace

Briefly summarizes the steps he took in recruiting and maintaining volunteers for the defence of Placentia. Now he seeks compensation for those who had to keep nightly watch in the garrisons there. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 229-230)

352

1 Oct. 1795

Thomas Skinner

Gov. Wallace

Encloses a letter from the Acting Surgeon, requesting a proper place to care for the sick; requests directions on where to place them. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 231)

352-353 30 Sept 1794 Johnathan Ogden Col. Skinner The number of sick and injured has icreased substantially because of the efforts to recruit for the new regiment. A hospital is needed, both to treat the sick and to isolate them from the healthy.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 232)

353

2 Oct. 1795

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

Colonel Skinner

The governor will look for a convenient house to use as a hospital. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 233)

354

2 Oct. 1795

Thomas Charleton, Commander, Royal Artillery

 

List of officers quarters and men's barrack rooms in Fort Townshend (43 men in total)

354

6 Oct. 1795

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

 

After Order: A garrison Court Martial will be held tomorrow on such prisoners as are presented (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 234)

355

7 Oct. 1795

Gov. Wallace

Simon Wells

Wells may take back his plantation in Carbonear, which is currently in the illegal posession of Mrs. Pike. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 235)

355

7 Oct. 1795

Gov. Wallace

Charles Garland, Harbour Grace

Instructs him to see that Mr. Wells get his plantation back from Mrs. Pike, who dealt with him "severely and cruelly". The Surrogate also acted illegally in dispossessing Wells of the plantation.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 236)

356

9 Oct. 1795

Thomas Skinner

Gov. Wallace

Recommends return of the Nova Scotia Regiment to Halifax, explaining that the Newfoundland Regiment is now able to undertake the duty of the garrison and the outports. He adds that "the constant duty of the Kings works upon which all my recruits have been employed, has entirely prevented their having been exercised in their duty as soldiers." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 237)

356-357

13 Oct. 1793

H.W. Brown & 39 named merchants, St. John's

Gov. Wallace

They request that the governor end the "hot Press" which threatens to disrupt several important end-of-season activities in the fishery, such as delivering fish to the merchants, collecting supplies for the winter, and delaying the convoy to markets because it will prevent many of their ships to make it to St. Johns until after the convoy leaves. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 238)

357-258

13 Oct. 1795

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

H.W Brown

Wallace was surprised by the merchants' letter; it comprises nothing but "allegations not in any degree specify'd". Wallace wants more information about the complaints of the merchants in the out ports regarding the hot press.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 239)

358

 12 Oct 1795

List of merchants & firms

Gov. Wallace

Adamant is scheduled to depart today as convoy for the trade to Spain and Portugal, but they won't be ready owing to a long stretch of wet weather [presumably delayed curing the fish] and request that the comvoy be delayed. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 240)

359-360

15 Oct. 1795

Jonathon Ogden

Gov. Wallace

Submits the accounts of money received by the Court of Sessions for fines. The demands of the job of magistrate, together with the expanding responsibilities of his other job (acting garrison surgeon) are such that he would like to resign. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 241-242)

360

15. Oct. 1795

 

 

"Appointed Pierce Foristall justice of peace for the district of Little St. Lawrence and Qualify'd for the same.

360-361

4 Aug. 1795

Prince Edward, Halifax

Gov. Wallace

The bearer of this letter is Lieut. McDonell; he is on a recruiting trip to Gaspe, but if he cannot complete his quota, he may appear in Newfoundland, "Newfoundland being particularly pointed out as the principal place in British North America where I am to recruit..." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 243-244

361-362

6 Oct. 1795

Maj. Gen. Prince Edward

Gov. Wallace

Acknowledges Wallace's letter of 12 September, in which Wallace offers to do all he can to assist Lieut. Fitzsimmons in his efforts to recruit for the Royal Fusiliers. Has since learned by Lt Col. Skinner that the Nfld Regiment will be complete before Wallace sets out for England. Would therefore ask that the detachment of the Royal Nova Scotia Provincials be sent back to Halifax together with all recruits raised by Fitzsimmons. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 245)

363

19 Oct. 1795

John Hall for Adm Wallace

 

After Order: "A garrison court martial will be held tomorrow on all such prisoners as shall be brought before them." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 246)

363-364

15 Oct. 1795

Jonathon Ogden

Gov. Wallace

A memorial requesting appointment as Surgeon of the garrison; Ogden has served near 27 years as "Regimental and Hospital Mate" without ever being absent from duty. Provides a summary of his service. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 247-248)

364-365

20 Oct. 1795

Gov. Wallace

Robert Bollard, Storekeeper

Directing him to provide the sloop under Capt. Raggett's command with ordnance supplies (shot and cartridges for 4-pounder guns). (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 249)

365-366

20 Oct. 1795

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

 

Appoints James Mason as Notary Public of St. John's with power to "note, protest, settle, determine, and finally conclude and adjust all such matters and things." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 250)

366-367

20 Oct. 1795

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

Jonathan Ogden 

Appointing Jonathan Ogden as Surgeon of the garrison; duties and responsibilities are summarized. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 251)

367 no date John Hall for Gov. Wallace   "Mr Jones Dissenting Minister having requested the Governor to permit him to Cover his house, has his permission to do so."  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 252)

367

25 Oct. 1795

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

 

General Order: Captain Hierlihy of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment is appointed to "fort adjutant"

368

24 Oct. 1795

Gov. Wallace

 

Grants Nathaniel Phillips of St. John's permission to enclose and cultivate a piece of land.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 253)

368 Aug [no date, year] Gov. Wallace   He appoints his secretary, "Rev'd J. Hall", to become collector of the Greenwich Hospital Duty in place of Richard Routh.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 254)

369

5 Sept. 1796

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

Commissary of Provisions, William Eppes

He is instructed to issue the "usual Allowance" of rum to the troops, volunteers and inhabitants while there is a French force outside the harbour that may attack.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 255)

369

2 Sept. 1796

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

 

Proclamation: Since there is a large fleet of French ships outside the harbour he deems it "expedient" that martial law should be proclaimed. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 256)

370

2 Sept. 1796

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

 

General Orders: Parade and deployment orders during the threat by the French. Orders to reinforce the garrisons. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 257)

370

2 Sept. 1796

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

 

Signals to distinguish between British and French ships.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 258)

371

3 Sept. 1796

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

 

Ordering all seamen and inhabitants who offered their services to go to their directed battery or fort and obey orders of the garrison commander.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 259)

371

4 Sept. 1796

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

 

Defining allowance of rum & rations for those serving in defence of the town. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 260)

372

5 Sept. 1796

Gov. Wallace

Vice Admiral Murray

Five French ships of the line, three frigates and a corvette are crusing along the coast, destroying fishing vessels. They most likely will make an attempt on St. John's. New intelligence indicates that the French are now in Bay Bulls. A duplicate of this letter sent to Gov. Wentworth of NS (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 261)

372-373

5 Sept. 1796

Gov. Wallace

Prince Edward

Similar letter to the one sent to Vice-Adm Murray. A postscript adds additional news about the French squadron, about their actions in Bay Bulls, and their intentions, including the fact that the French "had Pressed many hands" in Bay Bulls and posted sentries all over the harbour. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 262-263)

373

5 Sept. 1796

John Hall for Adm Wallace

Respective Captains

Ordering ships' marines ashore, to assemble at Fort Wiulliam and prepare for the French attack.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 264)

374

5 Sept. 1796

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

 

No one may travel from harbour to harbour without a pass from the governor; to be strictly enforced by magistrates, constables, etc. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 265)

374

5 Sept. 1796

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

 

Seamen and marines on duty on the outports are there on loan and not permanent; they are to be ready to embark on moment's notice. No officer is to permit Sgt. Collins or his wife to sell rum in either garrison.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 266)

375-376

9 Sept. 1796

Gov. Wallace

Evan Nepean

Describes the details of the nine French warships and their actions before leaving the area. Also gives information on the French ships as they went to different harbours such as Bay Bulls, and Petty Harbour. He received several accounts of the French actions, but encloses the two he feels are most reliable (below), including one by Lieut. Slade of the Romney. No certainty as to what the French intend to do next. Halifax commanders have been informed. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 267-268)

376-377       [Enclosure 1] This is Wallace's summary of a report given to him by Lieut. Slade of the Romney, who was sent to reconnoitre the enemy at Bay Bulls. Describes number, strength, and actions of the French ship; Slade continued his observations as he made his way back to Petty Harbour and then St. John's. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 269)
377       [Enclosure 2] Wallace describes in some detail the steps he has taken, using his four warships (Romney, Venus, Mercury, Pluto), the garrisons & batteries, and the inhabitants, for the security of the harbour, to the point where he is confident that the French could not succeed "were they hardy enough to make the attempt" to capture St. John's.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 270)

378

9 Sept. 1796

Gov. Wallace

D. of Portland

Wallace emphasizes how greatly outnumbered the Newfoundland warships and garrison are compared to the French, but is confident with the steps taken for local defence. He summarizes those steps, which were described in greater detail above. The previous enclosures were also included. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 271)

378-379

10 Sept. 1796

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

Richard Robert Reed

"You are hereby required and directed to take under your command the persons whose names are inserted on the other side for the preservation of the peace and the protection of this town of St. Johns." Same instructions were sent to Messrs Hart and John Bell. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 272)

379

16 Sept. 1796

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

Henry Phillips, Sherriff

"Whereas it is evident that the Preservation of the Island depends upon the Security of St Johns", all able bodied men are to go to St. Johns if there is an alarm of the French being off the coast again.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 273)

380

21 Sept. 1796

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

 

Orders to solemnize the King's accession to the throne; details. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 276)

380

24 Sept. 1796

D'Ewes Coke

Gov. Wallace

Requesting an additional leave to complete urgent personal business in England (he went on leave the year before but could not complete his business owing to ill health).  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 277)

381

22 Sept. 1796

Gov. Wallace

Vice Admiral Murray

Gov. Wallace believes the French have left the Nfld coast. He describes the French squadron, which was commanded by Rear Adm Richery. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 278)

381-382

16 Sept. 1796

Prince Edward, Halifax

Gov. Wallace

Prince Edward informs Gov. Wallace that he needs to recruit more men to complete the Nova Scotia regiment;  recruiting parties have therefore been sent to Nfld for this purpose.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 274)

382

16 Sept. 1796

J. Wentworth, Halifax

Gov. Wallace

The shallop stolen by 10 deserters from HMS Venus were apprehended in Shelburne, NS and are being sent to Newfoundland aboard the Shark. This is evidence of the diligence being given to the apprehension of deserters. Wentworth then indicates that recruiters are heading to Newfoundland to recruit for the NS regiment and desires Wallace's support. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 275)

383

22 Sept. 1796

Gov. Wallace

Prince Edward

He will try to help in recruiting men but says that the Newfoundland regiment is very weak already, and the men are "raw and undisciplined." Adds that the French squadron appear to have left the coast; it was under command of Admiral Richery. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 279)

384

22 Sept. 1796

Gov. Wallace

J. Wentworth

Much the same despatch as sent to Prince Edward.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 280)

384

23 Sept. 1796

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

D'Ewes Coke

Asks him to delay opening the courts; he has just learned that the French squadron was seen last Monday off St. Peters.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 281)

385

23 Sept. 1796

Prince Edward, Lt. Gen. commanding HM forces, NS

Gov. Wallace

He will keep a ship ready to sail if there is any word on the French squadron returning. Adm Murray is cruising off the Virginia Capes and has been informed of the situation in Newfoundland; he'll presumably return to Halifax.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 282)

386

23 Sept. 1796

J. Wentworth

Gov. Wallace

Thanks him for his information of the French fleet and tells him that he will send word to others along the North American coast. Further mention of the ten deserters from Newfoundland. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 283-284)

387

27 Sept. 1796

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

D'ewes Coke

Tells him that he may now open the courts.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 287)

387

29 Sept. 1796

Gov. Wallace

Duke of Portland

Tells him that the French are now at St. Peters where they have been sinking shallops and some banking boats; they have released prisoners, which suggests that the French intend soon to leave the region. Enclosures (below) provide more details. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 288)

388

29 Sept. 1796

Declaration of Charles McCurly, master of Mary.

 

McCurdy was taken prisoner by the French squadron. They did not enter St. Johns harbour was because the French had learned that the governor had just arrived at St. John's and that St. John's could not be taken because "If the Governor was there that he would defend it to the last." Additional details about a proposed landing at Torbay which was not undertaken for lack of a pilot, and about the state of the French ships and crews. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 289)

388-391

29 Sept. 1796

Declaration of Jonathon Morridge

 

Morridge was taken prisoner at Bay Bulls and taken to St. Peters, where the squadron watered. Had a total of 61 prisoners. Recounts how the prisoners were released and made their way to Trepassey. Provides details on French activities after destroying Bay Bulls and then making their way to St. Peters; some warships were then to attack the Labrador coast. Morridge provides more details on the squadron's activities: a Spanish fleet escorted them into the Atlantic; their plans upon reaching Bay Bulls for an overland assault on St. John's; the information they gathered which suggested that St. John's was too strong, too well defended for such an assault to succeed; a detailed list of the names of the French Vessels.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 290-292)

392

29 Sept. 1796

Gov. Wallace

J. Wentworth

Hartshorne & Co., merchants at Halifax, received a forged bill of exchange allegedly drawn by Robert Bollard on the Board of Ordnance. The accused are incarcerated in Halifax. Bollard was to travel there to testify, but since the French are still offshore, he cannot leave for the trial of these men.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 293)

392

1 Oct. 1796

Gov. Wallace

Magistrates of Newfoundland

The artillery detachment stationed in Newfoundland needs to recruit more men immediately; they are to assist in recruiting to complete that detachment. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 294)

393-394

26 Sept. 1796

7 names merchants of Bonavista

Gov. Wallace

A gushy letter of profuse thanks for the way Wallace handled the situation with the French squadron. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 285-286)

395

10 Oct. 1796

Gov. Wallace

Merchants of Bonavista

"I sincerely thank you for your very civil address and am happy that my doing my duty meets with your approbation." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 295)

395

13 Oct. 1796

John Hall for Gov. Wallace

 

General Order: Nathaniel Parter is appointed Captain Lieutenant in the Royal Newfoundland Reg't (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, p. 296)

396-397

10 Oct. 1796

7 named merchants of Trinity

Gov. Wallace

Another gushy letter of profuse thanks for the way the governor handled the situation with the French squadron. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 5, pp. 297-298)

398

15 Oct. 1796